Biology: Taxonomy and Phylogenetics
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Biology: Taxonomy and Phylogenetics

Learn about the history and development of taxonomy, from Aristotle to modern times, including the contributions of Darwin, Haeckel, and Woese. Explore the study of evolutionary relationships among organisms and the classification of living things.

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Questions and Answers

Who is credited with creating the first phylogenetic tree of life?

Ernst Haeckel

What type of organisms are characterized by the absence of a nucleus or organelles?

Bacteria and Archaea

What is the name of the index used to measure diversity?

Shannon's Index

What is the term for the study of the evolutionary relationships among organisms?

<p>Systematics</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a domain of life?

<p>Fungi</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the RNA molecule that is used to infer evolutionary relationships?

<p>rRNA</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of deductive reasoning in testing hypotheses?

<p>To generate specific, logically certain predictions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between a scientific theory and a scientific law?

<p>A theory is a broad framework, while a law is a specific, concise explanation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main limitation of observational studies?

<p>They are not able to establish causation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of evaluating the media source of a scientific claim?

<p>To determine the accuracy of the original research</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main characteristic of a scientific hypothesis?

<p>It must be testable and falsifiable</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main advantage of simulation/modeling studies?

<p>They can be used to model complex systems</p> Signup and view all the answers

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