Biochemistry Overview Quiz

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30 Questions

Which of the following fields is not a sub-discipline of biochemistry?

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What does biochemistry primarily focus on understanding?

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Which type of molecules does biochemistry mainly deal with?

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What is the relationship between biochemistry and molecular biology?

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Which century saw biochemistry become successful at explaining living processes through its disciplines?

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What are the main types of reactions that the chemistry of the cell depends upon?

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Which area does biochemistry not greatly relate to in understanding?

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What does enzymology primarily focus on?

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What is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena known as?

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What provides the structure of cells and performs many functions associated with life?

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What is the process called when monomers are linked together to synthesize a biological polymer?

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What is the generalized formula for monosaccharides?

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Which type of carbohydrate is glucose?

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What is the term for the reverse reaction in which the glycosidic bond of a disaccharide is broken into two monosaccharides?

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What is the molecule formed by a hemiacetal linkage between the hydroxyl on carbon 1 and the oxygen on carbon 4 of glucose called?

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What is the main function of carbohydrates?

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Which type of molecule can be turned into a ring of carbon atoms bridged by an oxygen atom through a cyclic form?

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What is the simplest type of carbohydrate?

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What is the best-known disaccharide consisting of a glucose molecule and a fructose?

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What is the process called when two monosaccharides are joined into a disaccharide through a dehydration reaction?

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Which elements make up almost 99% of the mass of living cells?

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Who first used the term 'biochemistry'?

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What did Friedrich Wöhler's urea synthesis in 1828 challenge?

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What are the four main classes of biomolecules in biochemistry?

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What significant historic event in biochemistry involved the discovery of the gene and its role in genetic transfer of information?

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What do biochemists study in the field of nutrition?

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What has biochemistry been combined with to form biotechnology?

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What new techniques have advanced biochemistry since the mid-20th century?

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What do biochemists investigate in agriculture?

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What has biochemistry contributed to, including the discovery of RNA interference and DNA structure?

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Study Notes

Biochemistry: A Detailed Overview

  • Biochemistry involves the mechanisms used by cells to harness energy from their environment through chemical reactions, with applications in medicine, nutrition, and agriculture.
  • In medicine, biochemists study the causes and cures of diseases, while in nutrition, they focus on maintaining health, wellness, and the effects of nutritional deficiencies.
  • In agriculture, biochemists investigate soil, fertilizers, and pest control to improve crop cultivation and storage.
  • Biochemical principles and methods have been combined with engineering approaches to form biotechnology, used for research, industrial processes, and disease diagnosis and control.
  • The history of biochemistry dates back to ancient times, with its specific scientific discipline beginning in the 19th century or earlier.
  • The term "biochemistry" was first used in 1858 by Vinzenz Kletzinsky and later popularized by Felix Hoppe-Seyler and Carl Neuberg.
  • Friedrich Wöhler's urea synthesis in 1828 challenged vitalism, the belief in a vital principle unique to living matter.
  • Biochemistry has advanced since the mid-20th century with the development of new techniques such as chromatography, NMR spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations.
  • The discovery of the gene and its role in genetic transfer of information was a significant historic event in biochemistry.
  • Around two dozen chemical elements are essential to various forms of biological life, with carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, calcium, and phosphorus making up almost 99% of the mass of living cells.
  • The four main classes of biomolecules in biochemistry are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
  • Biochemistry has seen significant contributions, including the discovery of RNA interference, DNA structure, and the role of genes in genetic information transfer.

Test your knowledge of biochemistry with this detailed overview quiz. Explore the key principles, historic events, and applications of biochemistry in medicine, nutrition, agriculture, and biotechnology. From the discovery of biomolecules to the role of genes in genetic information transfer, this quiz covers essential concepts in biochemistry.

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