Bauhaus: Radical Design School

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15 Questions

Who founded the Bauhaus?

Walter Gropius

Where was the Bauhaus located when it first opened?

Weimar, Germany

What did the Bauhaus philosophy revolve around?

An art utopia

What were the main principles of the Bauhaus?

No border between artist and craftsman

'Form follows function' is associated with which of the following principles of the Bauhaus?

'Form follows function'

What did Walter Gropius aim to create through the Bauhaus philosophy?

A new environment and release creative spontaneity in everybody

When did the Bauhaus first open its doors?

1919

Who designed the famous Barcelona chair in 1929?

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Which aspect of art did women of the Bauhaus initially focus on?

Weaving

Who was the founder of the American Bauhaus?

Laszlo Moholy-Nagy

Which architect redefined the concepts for modern skyscrapers?

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

What were the core principles of the Bauhaus movement?

Emphasis on technology, smart use of resources, simplicity, and effectiveness

Who designed the IBM Plaza in Chicago?

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

What did the New Bauhaus aim to cultivate and industrialize?

Art, science, and technology together

Where is The Chicago Bauhaus now located?

At the Illinois Institute of Technology

Study Notes

Founders and Key Figures

  • The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius.
  • The founder of the American Bauhaus was László Moholy-Nagy.

Location and Timeline

  • The Bauhaus first opened its doors in 1919.
  • The Bauhaus was initially located in Weimar, Germany.

Philosophy and Principles

  • The Bauhaus philosophy revolved around the unity of art and technology.
  • The main principles of the Bauhaus included 'Form follows function'.
  • The core principles of the Bauhaus movement were functionalism, simplicity, and clarity.

Design and Architecture

  • The famous Barcelona chair was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich in 1929.
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe redefined the concepts for modern skyscrapers.
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed the IBM Plaza in Chicago.

Women in the Bauhaus

  • Women of the Bauhaus initially focused on weaving and textile design.

The New Bauhaus

  • The New Bauhaus aimed to cultivate and industrialize design.

The Chicago Bauhaus

  • The Chicago Bauhaus is now located at the Illinois Institute of Technology.

Note: Some questions did not have sufficient information to provide a clear answer, and therefore, were omitted from the study notes.

Learn about the radical new design school Bauhaus, which opened in 1919 in Weimar, Germany. Founded by Walter Gropius, it was open to all persons, regardless of age or sex, which was a revolutionary concept at the time.

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