Animal Husbandry Quiz

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21 Questions

What is the definition of animal husbandry?

The science of breeding, feeding, and tending domestic animals, especially farm animals

What is the term for a substance that provides nourishment to an organism?

Nutrient

What does bioavailability refer to?

The extent to which a nutrient can be used by the body

What is the term for a nutrient required for body functions and cannot be synthesized by the body?

Essential nutrient

What does digestibility refer to?

Amount of nutrients available for absorption by the body

What is the term for a substance that provides nourishment to an organism?

Nutrient

What does palatability refer to in the context of animal husbandry?

Acceptable or agreeable taste of food

What is the term for a nutrient used by the body for energy?

Macronutrient

What does balanced food need to ensure in animal husbandry?

Palatability and adequate nutrient intake

Which nutrient is crucial for carrying nutrients and chemical reactions in the body?

Water

What is the primary energy source in pet food?

Fats

Which nutrient is needed for cell membranes and controlling water loss?

Fats

What nutrient is crucial for metabolic reactions and can lead to health issues if deficient?

Vitamins

Which mineral, when imbalanced with calcium, can lead to delayed bone growth and maturation in puppies and kittens?

Phosphorus

Excess dietary intake of which mineral can lead to kidney damage?

Phosphorus

Which agency establishes the nutritional standards for complete and balanced pet food?

AAFCO

Which agency regulates pet food labeling as a legal document?

FDA

What is the term for a nutrient that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained from the diet?

Essential nutrient

What is the role of carbohydrates in commercial pet food?

Primary energy source

What nutrient do cats require as an essential amino acid in their diet?

Taurine

What is the potential consequence of using supplements in pet nutrition?

Increased risk of nutrient excess

Study Notes

Understanding Pet Nutrition: Key Points

  • Water is the most important nutrient for life, crucial for carrying nutrients and chemical reactions in the body. Dehydration can lead to serious health issues.
  • Proteins serve as a dietary nitrogen source and are made up of amino acids. Cats require taurine, an essential amino acid, in their diet.
  • Carbohydrates are added to commercial pet food as an energy source, while fats are the primary energy source and aid in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
  • Essential fatty acids are needed for cell membranes and controlling water loss. Cats require dietary sources of arachidonic acid found in animal fats.
  • Vitamins are crucial for metabolic reactions, and their excess or deficiency can lead to health issues. Cats require dietary sources of Vitamin A and niacin.
  • Macrominerals like calcium, iron, phosphorus, and sodium are required in significant amounts in the diet and play essential roles in the body.
  • Calcium must be supplied in proper proportion to phosphorus, as an imbalance can lead to delayed bone growth and maturation in puppies and kittens.
  • Too much dietary phosphorus can lead to kidney damage, while sodium and potassium play crucial roles in body fluid balance.
  • Using supplements may do more harm than good, as malnutrition due to nutrient excess is more common than malnutrition due to deficiencies.
  • Pet food labeling is a legal document that communicates product information and is regulated by different agencies like AAFCO, FDA, and USDA.
  • AAFCO establishes the nutritional standards for complete and balanced pet food, but does not regulate or certify pet foods.
  • Commercial diets must be complete and balanced, and there are different types of foods generally fed to pets, including dry, semimoist, moist, and home-prepared.

Test your knowledge of animal husbandry with this quiz covering topics such as breeding, feeding, and tending domestic animals, nutrition, health maintenance, grooming, and environmental management. See how much you know about caring for domestic and farm animals.

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