Addictive Disorders and Alcohol Use

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30 Questions

Which of the following is a historical approach to treating gambling disorder?

Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic approaches

What is the ratio of male to female problem gamblers seeking treatment?

3:2

What is the key criteria for diagnosing gambling disorder according to DSM-5?

All of the above

What percentage of problem gamblers begin before 20 years of age?

90%

Which neurotransmitters are implicated in inhibitory control, reward mechanisms, and arousal in impulsive and addictive disorders?

Serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline

What are the two personality factors associated with problem gambling?

Impulsivity and extraversion

Which model includes behaviorally conditioned, emotionally vulnerable, and biologically based problem gamblers?

Integrated pathways model

Which approach to treating gambling disorder challenges dysfunctional beliefs that lead to the behavior?

Behavioural and cognitive interventions

What is the approximate rate of pathological gambling in adolescents compared to adults?

Twice as high

What is the treatment approach that focuses on external societal determinants of gambling and takes a consumer protection approach?

Public health model

Which of the following is a symptom of withdrawal from substance use?

A range of symptoms that emerge after cessation of use

What percentage of Australian adults have been affected by the drinking of others?

75%

Which of the following is a major challenge of treatment for substance use disorders?

Comorbidity with other mental disorders

Which of the following theories proposes that drugs of addiction change the areas of the brain responsible for the incentive to use the drugs?

Incentive-sensitization theory

What is the estimated prevalence of harmful alcohol use among Indigenous Australians compared to non-Indigenous Australians?

Twice

Which of the following is a cognitive theory of addiction that states an individual's expectation of positive consequences from substance use increases propensity to use?

Outcome expectancy theory

Which of the following is a behavioral theory that focuses on learning and conditioning as the basis for acquiring substance use disorders?

Traditional behavior theories

Which of the following is a symptom of tolerance to a substance?

A need for increased amounts of the substance to achieve the same effect

Which of the following is a biological factor associated with substance use disorder?

Genetic basis of substance use disorder

Which of the following theories proposes that individuals in high-risk situations will use substances if they do not have appropriate coping strategies, have positive expectations relating to the effects of the substance, and have a low degree of self-efficacy?

Relapse prevention theory

Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for substance use disorder?

Spending a large amount of time obtaining the substance

What is one positive trend regarding alcohol use in Australia?

Alcohol use has generally fallen over the last thirty years

Which of the following treatment options for substance use disorders is mentioned in the text?

All of the above

What is the minimum number of symptoms required for a diagnosis of substance use disorder within a 12-month period?

2

What is one consequence of substance use disorder mentioned in the text?

Clinically significant distress or impairment

Which substance is specifically mentioned as having a historically negative portrayal?

Gin

What is one criterion for diagnosing substance use disorder?

Lack of desire or cravings to use the substance

What is one impact of alcohol use mentioned in the text?

Negative impact on society

What is one criterion for diagnosing substance use disorder mentioned in the text?

Failure to fulfill role because of substance use

What is one impact of alcohol use mentioned in the text?

Negative impact on society

Test your knowledge on addictive disorders, their diagnosis, and treatment options. Explore the impact of alcohol use in Australia and learn about available resources for those in need. Stay informed and find out how society is tackling this issue.

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