Abnormal Psychology Module 6

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What is the primary characteristic of dissociative disorders?

Split from one's core sense of self

What is the cause of disturbances in memory and identity in dissociative disorders?

Psychological factors

What is the module learning outcome that focuses on examining somatic and dissociative disorders?

6.1

What is the term for a disorder characterized by a feeling of detachment from oneself or one's body?

Depersonalization/derealization disorder

What is the module learning outcome that focuses on examining various perspectives and treatment methods for dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

6.3

What is the term for a disorder characterized by sudden, unexpected travel away from home, often with complete amnesia for the past?

Fugue

What is the primary characteristic of somatic symptom disorder?

Physical symptoms that suggest illness or injury but cannot be explained fully by a general medical condition

At what age are individuals typically diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder?

Before the age of 30 years

What is a common symptom of somatic symptom disorder?

Anxiety

Which type of illness anxiety disorder involves individuals who are preoccupied with concern about developing a severe medical condition but avoid seeking medical help?

Care-avoidant type

What is a key difference between somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder?

Presence of physical symptoms

What is the duration of symptoms required for a diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder?

At least six months

What was the initial concern of the seventy-three-year-old Saudi man who visited the primary health care center?

Having cancer

What was the outcome of the patient's exposure to extensive imaging studies and laboratory tests?

Effects on his life in all aspects with such concerns

What action did the family doctor take to help the patient?

Directed the patient to cognitive behavioral therapy

What is a characteristic of Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder (Conversion Disorder)?

Neurological symptoms not consistent with a well-established organic cause

What is the trigger for Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder to begin?

A psychological stressor or trauma

What change did the DSM-V criteria make to the diagnosis of Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder?

Removed the requirement for a psychological stressor to be present

What is a common outcome of treating dissociative disorders?

Improved work and social functioning

What type of therapy is NOT used to treat functional neurological symptom disorder?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

What is the goal of the provider when treating somatic symptoms?

To avoid colluding with the patient while acknowledging the reality of the symptoms

What is the focus of the psychodynamic perspective on dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

Analyzing the emotional conflict and defense mechanisms used to cope with painful experiences

What is the name of the therapy treatment that uses a changing magnetic field to cause an electric current at a specific area of the brain?

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

What is the biological perspective on dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

Trauma-induced responses are a major biological factor

What is a common characteristic of dissociative identity disorder (DID)?

Personality shift during substance intake

Which of the following therapy treatments is NOT used to treat dissociative disorders?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

What is the goal of the psychodynamic perspective in treating dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

Reducing the emotional charge of painful experiences

What is the relationship between childhood adversity and dissociative disorders?

Childhood adversity can trigger dissociative responses

What is the primary focus of the biological perspective in treating dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

Identifying genetic links to the disorders

What is the common thread between psychodynamic and biological perspectives on dissociative and somatic symptom disorders?

Both perspectives recognize the role of trauma in dissociation

Examine somatic and dissociative disorders, including their symptoms, treatment methods, and various perspectives. Understand dissociative disorders and somatic symptom disorders.

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