10. Milk constituents

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What are the two milk sugars present in cow's milk?

Galactose and lactose

What are the two primary milk sugars?

Galactose and lactose

What is the primary carbohydrate in milk?


What are the essential amino acids found in milk?

Lysine, threonine, and phenylalanine

What are the primary proteins found in cow's milk?

Caseins and whey proteins

Study Notes

  • Cow's milk is composed of water, fat, proteins, lactose, minerals, and other substances.
  • Milk sugars are galactose and lactose. Lactose is the primary carbohydrate in milk and is easily digestible.
  • Milk fats are primarily triglycerides and are dispersed when milk is homogenized.
  • Milk proteins are composed of caseins, whey proteins, and other minor proteins.
  • Milk vitamins, minerals, and salts are present in varying concentrations.
  • Milk is an excellent source of protein and contains all eight of the essential amino acids.

Test your knowledge on the composition of cow's milk, including its water, fat, proteins, lactose, minerals, and other essential substances. Learn about the sugars, fats, proteins, and other nutrients found in cow's milk.

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