West African Trading Empires

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49 Questions

Which region was the kingdom of Ghana located in?

Grassland region between the Sahara and the tropical forests

What was the main occupation of the people in the kingdom of Ghana?

Farming

What was the main resource that contributed to the strong economy of the kingdom of Ghana?

Gold

Which kingdom replaced Mali as the great power in West Africa by 1500?

Songhai

Who was the ruler that created the new Askia dynasty in Songhai?

Muhammad Ture

What was the primary crop grown by the Bantu communities in East Africa?

Millet

What factor contributed to the weakening of the Songhai Empire?

Civil war

Which kingdom emerged as a powerful trading state in West Africa after the decline of Ghana?

Kingdom of Mali

What was the main source of wealth and power for the kingdom of Mali?

Gold and salt trade

Who was the ruler of Mali who doubled the size of the kingdom and made a famous pilgrimage to Makkah?

Mansa Mūsā

What did Mansa Mūsā do to make Timbuktu a center of Islamic learning and culture?

Built mosques and libraries

Which group spread iron-smelting techniques and knowledge of high-yield crops across Africa?

Bantu-speaking peoples

Which city dominated the trade route to the coast and was established by descendants of a Bantu group?

Great Zimbabwe

Which region became a part of the trading network along the Indian Ocean due to the growth in regional trade following the rise of Islam?

Eastern coast of Africa

Which traveler visited the cities of Kilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombasa and called Kilwa 'one of the most beautiful and well-constructed towns in the world'?

Ibn Battuta

Which term was used to describe the mixed African-Arabian culture that emerged in coastal areas of East Africa?

Swahili

What was the major language used in the area where the Swahili culture emerged?

Bantu

Which state in southern Africa was the wealthiest and most powerful from about 1300 to about 1450?

Zimbabwe

What was the primary source of the king's wealth in the kingdom of Zimbabwe?

Gold trade

Which region was the kingdom of Ghana located in?

West Africa

What was the main resource that contributed to the strong economy of the kingdom of Ghana?

Gold

What was the primary occupation of the people in the kingdom of Ghana?

Farming

What did the kings of Ghana rely on to protect their kingdom and enforce their wishes?

A well-trained regular army

What was the major trading item in the kingdom of Ghana?

Gold

What was the role of blacksmiths in the kingdom of Ghana?

To produce tools and weapons

Which region of Africa saw the emergence of a mixed African-Arabian culture known as Swahili?

East Africa

What was the major language used in the area where the Swahili culture emerged?

Bantu

What was the primary source of wealth for the kingdom of Zimbabwe?

Cattle ownership

What was the purpose of the Great Enclosure in Great Zimbabwe?

Religious site

What led to the decline and eventual abandonment of Great Zimbabwe?

Overgrazing and damage to the land

Which kingdom emerged as a powerful trading state in West Africa after the decline of Ghana?

Songhai

Which city in present-day Tanzania was considered one of the most magnificent trading ports along the eastern coast of Africa?

Kilwa

Which building in Kilwa was an enormous cliff-top structure with more than 100 rooms?

Husuni Kubwa palace

Who was the Arab traveler who visited the cities of Kilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombasa in the fourteenth century?

Ibn Battuta

Which city, located just north of the Equator, enjoyed hundreds of years of prosperity as a trading port in East Africa?

Mogadishu

Which region became a part of the trading network along the Indian Ocean due to the growth in regional trade following the rise of Islam?

Eastern Africa

Which city, located on the coast of present-day Kenya, arose in the eleventh century as a trading port?

Mombasa

Which kingdom emerged as a powerful trading state in West Africa after the decline of Ghana?

Kingdom of Mali

What was the main resource that contributed to the strong economy of the kingdom of Ghana?

Gold

What was the primary crop grown by the Bantu communities in East Africa?

Maize

Which city dominated the trade route to the coast and was established by descendants of a Bantu group?

Kilwa

What factor contributed to the weakening of the Songhai Empire?

Invasion by the Almoravid Empire

What did Mansa Mūsā do to make Timbuktu a center of Islamic learning and culture?

Built mosques and libraries

Which empire replaced Mali as the dominant power in West Africa by 1500?

Songhai

What was the main factor that contributed to the weakening of the Songhai Empire?

Invasion by Morocco

What was the primary crop grown by the Bantu communities in East Africa?

Millet

Which ruler created the new Askia dynasty in Songhai?

Muhammad Ture

What was the main source of wealth and power for the kingdom of Mali?

Gold trade

What was the major language used in the area where the Swahili culture emerged?

Arabic

"Quiz: The Growth of West African Trading Empires and the Decline of Mali" - Test your knowledge on how the values of commodities impacted the rise of West African trading empires like Ghana. Explore the role of Mansa Mūsā in the decline of the Malian monarchy and the effects of civil war on Mali's power in the 1400s.

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