Vascular Lesions in Infants Quiz
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Vascular Lesions in Infants Quiz

Test your knowledge of vascular lesions in infants with this quiz. Questions cover treatment options, side effects of drugs, seizure types, and associated conditions.

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@ProtectiveFlashback

Questions and Answers

What is the recommended treatment for a 1-year-old, 15 kg infant with hemangioma?

30 mg propranolol

Which side effect is commonly associated with drugs used in the treatment of hemangioma?

Sleeplessness

What type of seizures are commonly associated with the presence of a hemangioma in an infant?

Contralateral

In a female patient with a specific lesion above her right eye and a port wine stain, what is the most likely association?

<p>Dandy walker syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a very large hemangioma, what is the most likely association with PHEACES?

<p>(Dandy Walker syndrome) most common and cerebral hypoplasia or dysplasia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is considered the best topical treatment for hemangioma?

<p>Timolol</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the treatment for Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome?

<p>Sclerotherapy/epiphysiodesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which investigation is commonly used for diagnosing carcinoid syndrome?

<p>Urinary 5HIAA</p> Signup and view all the answers

What condition is indicated by a patient experiencing warmth in the hand but relief with cold?

<p>Thrombocytosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of leg rash with decreased cryoglobulin, what is the most likely diagnosis?

<p>Waldenström's macroglobulinemia or multiple myeloma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common association with a hemangioma on the face?

<p>Dandy Walker syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the first-line treatment for granuloma faciale?

<p>Steroid injection intralesional</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the marker commonly found in involuting capillary hemangioma?

<p>GLUT1 (glucose transporter 1)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is the most common cause of bilateral vascular ulcers without vasculitis?

<p>Antithrombin III deficiency</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the drug of choice for treating erythema nodosum and eczema?

<p>Potassium iodide</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which gene mutation is associated with vascular birthmarks?

<p>GNAQ gene on ch9q21 (associated with port-wine stains)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common side effect of angiography in relation to hemangiomas?

<p>Eosinophilia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common site for Bleu nevus?

<p>Limbs (hand and foot)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common association with a lesion as plexiform neuroma on the shoulder?

<p>Renal hamartoma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of gene mutation is associated with vascular birthmarks located beside the eye?

<p>GNAQ gene mutation</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a male patient with a plaque pigmented on his leg, positive for HHV8, what is the recommended treatment?

<p>Sirolimus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common side effect of angiography in relation to hemangiomas?

<p>Cyanotic leg</p> Signup and view all the answers

37

<p>9 months</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the next investigation for a patient with nodular lesions at the tendon achilles?

<p>Gammopathy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common cause of bilateral vascular ulcers without vasculitis?

<p>Protein C or S deficiency</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be given to a patient who has developed a cyanotic leg after angiography to confirm the diagnosis?

<p>Eosinophilia</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which investigation is commonly used for diagnosing itchy follicular papules with eosinophilic folliculitis?

<p>CD4 count</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most appropriate treatment for a 1-year-old, 15 kg infant with hemangioma?

<p>30 mg propranolol</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which side effect is commonly associated with drugs used in the treatment of hemangioma?

<p>Hypotension</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a female patient with a specific lesion above her right eye and a port wine stain, what is the most likely association?

<p>Dandy walker syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of seizures are commonly associated with the presence of a hemangioma in an infant?

<p>Contralateral</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a very large hemangioma, what is the most likely association with PHEACES?

<p>(Dandy Walker syndrome) most common and cerebral hypoplasia or dysplasia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the best topical treatment for hemangioma?

<p>Timolol</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a picture of a cyanotic leg that improves in cold, what findings are associated?

<p>(Thrombocytosis)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What investigation is needed in a case of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome?

<p>MRI</p> Signup and view all the answers

What defect or mutation is associated with cryoglobulinemia?

<p>Cd40 ligand</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which vital sign abnormality most commonly occurs with Castleman syndrome?

<p>Lymphadenopathy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Based on the picture of histopathology with GMS stain, what is the likely clinical presentation?

<p>Granuloma faciale</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the marker commonly found in involuting capillary hemangioma?

<p>GLUT1</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a female patient with a specific lesion above her right eye and a port wine stain, what is the most likely association?

<p>MCCune-Albright syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

pulse duration for infant with hemangioma with seizures ?

<p>20</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a male patient with a plaque pigmented on his leg, positive for HHV8, what is the recommended treatment?

<p>Sirolimus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of seizures are commonly associated with the presence of a hemangioma in an infant?

<p>Generalized tonic-clonic seizures</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of leg rash with decreased cryoglobulin, what is the most likely diagnosis?

<p>Waldenström's macroglobulinemia or multiple myeloma</p> Signup and view all the answers

itchy follicular papules with eosinophilic folliculitis?

<p>CD4 count</p> Signup and view all the answers

What assosiation patient who has developed a cyanotic leg after angiography

<p>Eosinophilia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common side effect of drugs used to hemangiomas?

<p>Sleeplessness</p> Signup and view all the answers

What condition is indicated by a patient experiencing warmth in the hand but relief with cold?

<p>Thrombocytosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most appropriate treatment for a female patient with a lesion above her right eye and a port wine stain?

<p>Tufted angioma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the next investigative step for a patient with Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome?

<p>MRI</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a male patient with a plaque pigmented on his leg Kaposi hhv8 leg, what is the recommended treatment?

<p>Sirolimus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What gene mutation is associated with vascular birthmarks located beside the eye?

<p>Dandy Walker syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

What defect or mutation is associated with cryoglobulinemia?

<p>Cd40 ligand</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which vital sign abnormality most commonly occurs with Castleman syndrome?

<p>Glomeruloid hemangioma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the best topical treatment for hemangioma?

<p>Timolol</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most appropriate treatment for a 1-year-old, 15 kg infant with hemangioma?

<p>30 mg propranolol</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of a picture of a cyanotic leg that improves in cold, what findings are associated?

<p>Thrombocytosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of seizures are commonly associated with the presence of a hemangioma in an infant?

<p>Contralateral</p> Signup and view all the answers

Cryoglobulinemia defect or mutation in

<p>CD40 ligand</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which vital sign abnormality most commonly occurs with Castleman syndrome?

<p>Hypotension</p> Signup and view all the answers

Male patientn side effect of angiography

<p>Eosinophilia</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of leg rash with decreased cryoglobulin, what is the most likely diagnosis?

<p>Waldenström's macroglobulinemia or multiple myeloma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What gene mutation is associated with vascular birthmarks located beside the eye?

<p>GNAQ gene on ch9q21</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which vital sign abnormality most commonly occurs with Castleman syndrome?

<p>Tachycardia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended treatment for pyoderma gangrenosum?

<p>Cyclosporin</p> Signup and view all the answers

marker commonly found in involuting capillary hemangioma all except @

<p>GLUT1 (glucose transfer)</p> Signup and view all the answers

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