US History: Articles of Confederation to Constitutional Convention

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Match the following historical events and concepts with their descriptions:

Articles of Confederation = First constitution of the United States, which created a weak central government Shays Rebellion = Armed uprising of farmers in Massachusetts protesting high taxes and economic injustice Montesquieu = Enlightenment philosopher who advocated for the separation of powers in government Locke/Social Contract = Philosophical concept that individuals consent to be governed in exchange for protection of their natural rights

Match the following constitutional concepts with their definitions:

Great Compromise = Agreement at the Constitutional Convention to create a bicameral legislature with proportional representation in the House and equal representation in the Senate 3/5 Compromise = Agreement that counted three-fifths of the slave population for the purpose of taxation and representation in Congress Constitution Amendment = Process outlined in Article V to change or add provisions to the Constitution Delegated Powers = Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution

Match the following branches of government with their roles and responsibilities:

Congress = The House of Representatives (Requirements to hold office, term length) The Senate = Requirements to hold office, term length Chief Executive = Responsibilities of the President The Supreme Court = Requirements to hold office, term length

Match the following executive branch roles with their descriptions:

Commander-In-Chief = Role of the President as the highest-ranking officer in the military Legislative Leader = Responsibility of the President to work with Congress on creating and passing laws Chief Diplomat = Role of the President in conducting foreign relations and negotiating treaties Party Leader = Role of the President in leading his or her political party

Match the following judicial branch components with their functions:

District Courts = Lower federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun Court of Appeals = Courts that hear appeals from district courts and review decisions of federal administrative agencies Opinions = Written explanations of the Supreme Court's decisions Justices = Requirements to hold office, term length

Study Notes

Constitutional Concepts

  • Separation of Powers: division of power among legislative, executive, and judicial branches to prevent abuse of power
  • Federalism: system of government where power is divided between national and state governments
  • Checks and Balances: limits on each branch's power to prevent domination

Branches of Government

  • Legislative Branch: makes laws, composed of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives)
  • Executive Branch: enforces laws, headed by President and includes various departments and agencies
  • Judicial Branch: interprets laws, composed of Supreme Court and other federal courts

Executive Branch Roles

  • President: head of state, commander-in-chief, signs or vetoes laws, appoints officials
  • Vice President: supports President, assumes presidency if President is unable to serve
  • Cabinet: advises President, composed of department heads (e.g. Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense)

Judicial Branch Components

  • Supreme Court: highest court, final interpreter of laws, consists of nine justices
  • Lower Federal Courts: hearing courts, appeals courts, specialized courts (e.g. bankruptcy, tax)
  • Judicial Review: power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional

Test your knowledge of US history from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitutional Convention, including significant events, key figures, and the structure of the government.

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