US Federal Legislation on Cultural Heritage Sites
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US Federal Legislation on Cultural Heritage Sites

Test your knowledge on the strong federal legislation in the United States that aims to protect cultural heritage sites. Learn about key laws such as the American Antiquities Act, National Historic Preservation Act, and more.

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Questions and Answers

Which of the following is NOT one of the primary US federal laws or legislation related to cultural heritage?

Cultural Property Protection Act 1979

According to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), which of the following does NOT belong to lineal descendants if removed from federal or tribal lands?

Archaeological artifacts

Which step is NOT required of federal agencies and institutions receiving federal funding under NAGPRA?

Conducting archaeological excavations on federal lands

Based on the information provided, which act or legislation specifically addresses abandoned shipwrecks?

<p>Abandoned Shipwreck Act of 1987</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which federal requirement is NOT mentioned in relation to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA)?

<p>Obtaining permission from tribal councils before repatriating remains</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following federal laws or acts is focused specifically on lighthouses?

<p>National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act 2000</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of the Cultural Properties Import and Export Act of 1977?

<p>To prevent the export of cultural heritage objects from Canada and allow the federal government to seize illegally imported objects</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key limitation of the protection provided for cultural heritage sites on Indigenous reserves under the Indian Act amendments of 1985?

<p>The protection only applied to grave houses, grave poles, totem poles, house posts, and rock art, and could not be used to protect other site types</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key criticism from the Canadian Archaeological Association (CAA) regarding the Cultural Properties Import and Export Act of 1977?

<p>The CAA argued that the legislation was inappropriate because it put a market value on archaeological artifacts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key difference between the federal legislation concerning archaeology in Canada and the United States?

<p>In Canada, the federal government did not have the same type of comprehensive legislation concerning archaeology and cultural heritage as in the US</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the 1952/53 Historic Sites and Monuments Act in Canada impact the protection of archaeological and cultural heritage sites?

<p>The act created a process for commemorating sites deemed of national importance, but did not provide any legal protection for those sites</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key limitation of the National Parks Act of 1967 in terms of protecting archaeological and cultural heritage sites in Canada?

<p>The act only protected sites that were on federally owned land and had been designated as Canadian Cultural Properties</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary reason for the conflict between the Canadian Archaeological Association (CAA) and the federal government in the 1980s?

<p>The federal government threatened to withhold funding from the CAA unless they participated in the process of assessing the fair market value of cultural objects.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary purpose of the Archaeological Heritage Policy Framework of 1990?

<p>To establish a comprehensive approach for the federal government to manage and protect archaeological resources under its jurisdiction.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a responsibility of Parks Canada under the Archaeological Heritage Policy Framework?

<p>Serving as the repository for all archaeological collections in Canada.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about the Impact Assessment Act of 2019 is NOT true?

<p>It mandates that any changes to cultural heritage resources resulting from a project must be assessed, regardless of whether the project causes changes to the environment.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about the Archaeological Survey of Canada (ASC) is true, according to the text?

<p>By the late 1970s, the ASC had transitioned from a resource management agency to a primarily research-focused agency.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT included in the jurisdiction of Parks Canada regarding archaeological resources?

<p>Provincial heritage sites</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary reason for the creation of the National Park System in 1885, according to the text?

<p>To support the development of the Geological Survey of Canada and the National Museum of Canada.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act of 2012 is true?

<p>It was replaced by the Impact Assessment Act of 2019.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about the Historic Sites and Monuments Board is NOT true?

<p>It was responsible for the management and protection of all archaeological resources on federal lands.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary responsibility of the Canadian Historic Sites Branch/Parks Canada in the early years of its development?

<p>Site-specific programs, restoration, and interpretation of cultural heritage resources.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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