Understanding the Self: Psychological Perspective Quiz
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Understanding the Self: Psychological Perspective Quiz

Test your knowledge on the phenomena of the self from a psychological perspective. Explore concepts such as self-awareness, self-esteem, self-regulation, and more based on Justine Benn L. Medina's insights.

Created by
@CharitableEnglishHorn

Questions and Answers

Which aspect of the self reflects what people see or perceive themselves doing in the physical world?

I Self

What did William James term the aspects of the self in his theory described in The Principles of Psychology?

Me Self and Not-Me Self

Which term is used to describe how people define themselves in relation to others, influencing how they think, feel, and behave?

Psychological Self

What did psychologists do to make the concept of the ego more congenial in understanding the self?

<p>Made it a function continuity among thoughts and experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do psychologists emphasize greatly influences how people think, feel, and behave?

<p>How people define themselves in relation to others</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term can also be used to describe the self-referent thoughts characteristic of the Me Self?

<p>Self-identity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did James distinguish as one of the components of the Me Self related to tangible objects or possessions?

<p>Material self</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is Sigmund Freud often referred to as?

<p>The Father of Modern Psychology</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Freud, what are the drivers of personality?

<p>Sex and Aggression</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where was Sigmund Freud born?

<p>Freiberg</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Understanding the Self: Psychological Perspective

  • The self is a crucial concept in psychology, encompassing various aspects such as self-knowledge, self-awareness, self-esteem, self-enhancement, self-regulation, and self-deception.

The Importance of Self in Psychology

  • The self influences how people think, feel, and behave, and is ultimately related to the construct of identity.

The Concept of Self: Historical Background

  • The Greek words "psyche" and "logos" mean the study of souls, which is the scientific definition of psychology.
  • William James (1842-1910) was one of the first to postulate a theory of the self in his book "The Principles of Psychology".

James' Theory of the Self

  • James described two aspects of the self: the "I Self" and the "Me Self".
  • The "I Self" reflects what people perceive themselves doing in the physical world.
  • The "Me Self" is a more subjective and psychological phenomenon, referring to individuals' reflections about themselves.

Components of the Me Self

  • The material self: tangible objects or possessions collected for oneself.
  • The social self: how individuals interact and portray themselves within different groups, situations, or persons.
  • The spiritual self: internal dispositions.

Sigmund Freud

  • Known as the "father of modern psychology".
  • Born in 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now the Czech Republic).
  • Focused on the idea that sex and aggression are the drivers of personality.

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