Understanding Components of Culture
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Understanding Components of Culture

Explore the components of culture including social norms, folkways, mores, and laws. Learn about the non-material aspects that shape individuals' ways of life and society.

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Questions and Answers

What are social norms?

Rules or expectations defining acceptable social behavior

What is the term for special folkways important to the welfare of people?


What is the process of learning some new traits from another culture called?


Which term refers to the assumption that one's culture is superior to all others?

<p>Ethnocentrism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the term 'xenocentrism' refer to?

<p>The belief that one's culture is inferior</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which component of culture encompasses the total range of what has been learned and perceived as true?

<p>Knowledge</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Definition of Culture

  • Culture is the sum of an individual's way of life, encompassing aspects such as food, clothing, and housing.

Components of Culture

Non-Material Culture

  • Social Norms: rules or expectations that define what is acceptable or required in a social situation.
  • Folkways: customs, traditions, and conventions of a society.
  • Mores: special folkways that are important to the welfare of people and their cherished values.
  • Laws: formalized social norms enacted by political and legal authorities designated by the government.
  • Values: abstract standards that persist over time and serve as guides to what is right and proper for people and society.
  • Knowledge: the total range of what has been learned and perceived as true, including natural, supernatural, and magical knowledge.

Material Culture

  • Material culture refers to the products of technology, such as simple tools, computers, and other artifacts.

Attitude towards Cultural Variation

  • Ethnocentrism: the tendency to assume that one's culture and way of life are superior to all others.
  • Xenocentrism: the belief that the products, styles, or ideas of one's culture are inferior to those of other cultures.
  • Cultural Relativism: viewing people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture.

Cultural Transmission

  • Enculturation: the process of learning the culture of one's own group.
  • Acculturation: the process of learning new traits from another culture.

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