Types of Programming Paradigms Quiz
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Types of Programming Paradigms Quiz

Test your knowledge on various programming paradigms including Structured Programming, Object-Oriented Programming, Logic/Declarative Programming, and Functional/Applicative Programming. Learn about the key concepts and characteristics of each paradigm.

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@EfficaciousCognition

Questions and Answers

In which level of programming language is Assembly language classified?

Low-level language

Which type of programming languages are closer to human language?

High-level languages

What is the purpose of an Interpreter in programming?

Execute programs line-by-line & convert source code to machine code

Which type of programming language is suitable for system programming and application programming?

<p>Mid-level language</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of a Compiler in programming?

<p>Compile source code into executable instructions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which programming language is best suited for generating menu-driven customer billing systems?

<p>C#</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of language uses mnemonic codes for instructions?

<p>Assembly language (Low-level)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes high-level languages from low-level languages?

<p>'Closeness' to human language</p> Signup and view all the answers

'FORTRAN' and 'Pascal' are examples of which kind of programming languages?

<p>'High-Level' languages</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which stage of compiling a C program involves the removal of comments and expansion of macros?

<p>Preprocessing</p> Signup and view all the answers

In structured programming, why is it easier to understand code?

<p>Through top-down design and clear module hierarchy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which control structure is used for repetitive execution in programming?

<p>LOOP</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of programming emphasizes a disciplined approach and top-down design?

<p>Structured Programming</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus of high-level languages compared to low-level languages?

<p>Algorithmic implementation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which level of programming languages is known for using mnemonic codes for instructions?

<p>Assembly language</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of programming involves the development of user-defined data types and operations on these types?

<p>Object-Oriented Programming</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Programming Fundamentals

  • Programming: a series of instructions to a computer to accomplish a task
  • Instructions must be written in a way the computer can understand
  • Programming languages are used to write programs

Types of Programming Languages

  • High-Level Languages: closer to human language, examples: C#, FORTRAN, PASCAL, PROLOG, JAVA.NET
  • Mid-Level Languages: bind the gap between machine level language and high-level languages, examples: C, C++
  • Low-Level Languages: deal with hardware registers by name, example: Assembly Language
  • Machine Language: the lowest-level programming language, executed directly by a computer's CPU, example: "0110101100101000"

Structured Programming

  • A disciplined approach to programming
  • Top-down design: a program is divided into a main module and its related modules, each module is divided into sub-modules
  • Advantages:
    • Easier to understand code
    • Easier to test and debug code
    • Easier to modify and maintain code
    • Easier to work with others on large programs
  • 4 Control Structures:
    • Sequence
    • Selection
    • Iteration
    • Module

Programming Stages

  • The Four Stages of Compiling a C Program:
    • Preprocessing: removal of comments, expansion of macros, expansion of included files
    • Compilation: compilation of source code into executable instructions
    • Assembly: conversion of assembly language's source code into machine language
    • Linking: linking of object files into an executable program

Interpreters, Compilers, and Assemblers

  • Interpreter: converts source code into machine code, usually on a step-by-step basis, example: BASIC
  • Compiler: compiles source code into executable instructions, example: C compiler
  • Assembler: converts assembly language's source code into machine language, example: GNU assembler

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