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Thyroid Gland Diseases: Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

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40 Questions

What is the primary function of the endocrine system?

To produce hormones that regulate various bodily functions

What is essential for the production of thyroid hormones?

Iodine

Where is the thyroid gland located?

In the neck, in front of the trachea

What would be the effect of iodine deficiency on thyroid hormone production?

Reduced production of thyroid hormones

What are the two hormones produced by the thyroid gland?

Thyroid hormone and iodothyronine hormone

What is the primary therapeutic use of radioactive iodine?

To treat hyperthyroidism

What is the result of decreased insulin production or cellular resistance to insulin?

Hyperglycemia

What is the normal range of blood glucose levels?

60-120 mg/dL

What is the primary function of the pancreas in the metabolism of sugars and starches?

To secrete insulin and glucagon

What is the characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus?

Insufficient insulin production

What is the primary characteristic of hypothyroidism?

A decrease in the amount of thyroid hormones production and secretion

Which of the following is a consequence of taking synthetic thyroid hormones?

An increase in thyroid hormones levels in the blood

What is the primary effect of anti-thyroid drugs?

They decrease the production of thyroid hormones

What is the primary characteristic of hyperthyroidism?

An increase in the amount of thyroid hormones production and secretion

What is a potential adverse reaction of taking thyroid hormones?

Hyperthyroidism

What is the method of application of testosterone hormone treatment?

Applied on the skin surface

Which of the following is NOT a type of male hormone treatment?

Insulin injection

What is the name of the authors of the reference book 'Core Concepts in Pharmacology'?

Holland, LM and Adams, MP

Which publisher published the reference book 'Basic Pharmacology'?

McGraw-Hill

What is the name of the institution related to the email address '[email protected]'?

Cyberjaya University College of Technology

What is the primary function of ovaries in the female reproductive system?

To produce eggs and secrete estrogen and progesterone

During menopause, what happens to the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body?

They decrease dramatically

What is the goal of hormone replacement therapy in menopause?

To increase the circulating levels of sex hormones

What is the primary function of testosterone in the male reproductive system?

To regulate development and normal functioning of sperm

What is the effect of reduced testosterone levels on the male body?

A decrease in sperm production

What is the primary function of estrogen in the female reproductive system?

To regulate development and normal functioning of eggs

What is the effect of decreased estrogen levels on the female body?

A decrease in menstrual cycles

What is the primary function of progesterone in the female reproductive system?

To prepare the uterus for implantation

What is the primary function of testes in the male reproductive system?

To produce sperm cells

What is the effect of hormone replacement therapy on menopausal symptoms?

It removes all symptoms

What percentage of individuals with diabetes are affected by Type II Diabetes Mellitus?

90-95%

What is the primary function of insulin in the body?

To help glucose enter muscle and fat cells

What is the source of human insulin used therapeutically?

E. coli bacteria

What is a risk factor for developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus?

Family history

What is the benefit of using human insulin over insulin obtained from animal sources?

It causes fewer allergic reactions

What is a common adverse reaction to anti-diabetic drugs?

Gastrointestinal upsets

Which type of oral anti-diabetic drug stimulates cells of the pancreas to release more insulin?

Sulfonylureas

What is the effect of Meglitinides on blood glucose levels?

Stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas

What is a common symptom of hypoglycemia?

Numbness of extremities

What is the mechanism of action of Thiazolidinediones?

Increases the insulin uptake into muscle and fat cells

Learn about the two types of diseases related to thyroid hormones, including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and understand the different types of thyroid hormones.

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