Therapeutic Cloning and Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer

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What is the first step in the process of therapeutic cloning?

Extracting the nucleus from an egg cell

What type of cells are used to extract the nucleus in therapeutic cloning?

Skin cells

What is the ultimate goal of therapeutic cloning?

Treating a disease or injury with stem cells

What is extracted from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst?

Embryonic stem cells

Why is it necessary to isolate cells from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst?

For creating embryonic stem cells for therapy

How does intense chemotherapy affect a person's bone marrow?

Damages the stem cells and depletes the fresh supply of blood cells

What are the common side effects of chemotherapy on a patient?

Vulnerability to infection, anemia, and bleeding

Why are bone marrow transplants often used in cancer treatment after chemotherapy?

To replenish the depleted stem cells for blood production

What is the efficiency advantage of injecting purified stem cells into a patient over bone marrow tissue?

Less chance of infection

Why is it crucial to have actual stem cells included in a bone marrow transplant?

To ensure proper regeneration of blood cells

Learn about the process of therapeutic cloning and somatic cell nuclear transfer where the nucleus from a somatic cell is inserted into an egg cell to potentially treat diseases or injuries with stem cells. Explore the formation of a blastocyst and its implications.

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