Theory of Intelligence by Robert Sternberg
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Theory of Intelligence by Robert Sternberg

This quiz covers the theory of intelligence coined by Robert Sternberg and explores the three types of filial intelligence. Test your knowledge on this important concept in psychology!

Created by
@FlawlessDramaticIrony

Questions and Answers

Who coined the theory of multiple intelligences?

Howard Gardner

What is the number of aspects of intelligence according to the theory?

8

What is the main idea behind the theory of multiple intelligences?

Intelligence is composed of multiple separate entities

What is the ability to acquire knowledge and think abstractly?

<p>Analytical ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ability to use information to solve problems?

<p>Analytical ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ability to think and reason abstractly?

<p>Logical-mathematical ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ability to process and analyze information?

<p>Analytical ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ability to use knowledge to solve problems?

<p>Problem-solving ability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of verbal-linguistic understanding in learning?

<p>To create new concepts and experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the outcome of developing logical-mathematical ability?

<p>Sharpened problem-solving skills</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of spatial ability in learning?

<p>To develop mathematical numerical patterns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of automaticity in learning?

<p>Increased ability to solve problems</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does verbal-linguistic understanding contribute to problem-solving?

<p>By creating new experiences and concepts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the relationship between logical-mathematical ability and problem-solving?

<p>It provides insight to solve problems</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the outcome of developing verbal-linguistic understanding?

<p>Increased ability to create new experiences and concepts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of experience in learning?

<p>To create new concepts and experiences</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the naturalist's ability to understand?

<p>The natural world</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is general intelligence or 'g' responsible for?

<p>Performing any cognitive task</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the interpersonal ability of a therapist?

<p>Understanding other people's feelings</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the intrapersonal ability of an individual?

<p>Understanding their own feelings</p> Signup and view all the answers

What determines cognitive performance?

<p>Both general intelligence or 'g' and specific abilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a flaw in general intelligence or 'g'?

<p>Variability in specific abilities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are short-term memories related to?

<p>Storing and retrieving information</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the botanist's ability to understand?

<p>Systems and processes in the natural world</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the type of response that occurs after being exposed to a neutral stimulus, such as salivating after hearing a tuning fork?

<p>Conditioned response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of positive reinforcement in learning behavior?

<p>To strengthen good behavior through desired rewards</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which theory suggests that behavior can be learned through the consequences of actions?

<p>Operant conditioning theory</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens to a behavior when it is negatively reinforced?

<p>It becomes stronger because of the removal of an unpleasant stimulus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the outcome of presenting a stimulus immediately after a desired behavior, such as giving a sticker for cleaning a desk?

<p>The behavior is strengthened</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of reinforcement involves the removal of an unpleasant stimulus to increase the frequency of a behavior?

<p>Negative reinforcement</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary difference between positive and negative reinforcement?

<p>The type of stimulus being presented or removed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ultimate goal of reinforcement in learning behavior?

<p>To increase the frequency of desired behavior</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key factor in effective punishment, according to the text?

<p>It must be immediate and consistent</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who is credited with coining the theory of observational learning?

<p>Bandura</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the process of observing behavior and its consequences?

<p>Observational learning</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the first principle of observational learning, according to Bandura?

<p>Attention</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary way in which we develop emotional, cognitive, and social abilities, according to Bandura?

<p>Through watching others</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the process of remembering behavior through memory tactics?

<p>Retention</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of punishment, according to the text?

<p>To relate to the child's action</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the process of repeating behavior, according to Bandura?

<p>Reproduction</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Intelligence Theories

  • Robert Sternberg coined the theory of Multiple Intelligences, which proposes that there are eight separate types of intelligence.
  • The eight types of intelligence are:
    • Verbal-Linguistic: ability to verbalize and process verbal information
    • Logical-Mathematical: ability to reason abstractly and think logically
    • Spatial: ability to recognize and manipulate objects in space
    • Naturalist: ability to recognize and understand living things
    • Interpersonal: ability to understand other people's intentions and behaviors
    • Intrapersonal: ability to understand one's own thoughts and feelings
    • Analytical: ability to evaluate and analyze information

Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities

  • General Intelligence (g) refers to the general ability to perform cognitive tasks
  • Specific abilities are applied to specific tasks and skills
  • Cognitive performance is determined by the interaction of specific abilities and general intelligence

Learning Theories

  • Positive Reinforcement: behavior is strengthened by a desirable consequence
  • Negative Reinforcement: behavior is strengthened by the removal of an undesirable consequence
  • Punishment: behavior is weakened by an undesirable consequence
  • Observational Learning: learning through observing others and imitating their behavior

Bandura's Theory

  • Albert Bandura disagreed with Pavlov's behaviorism and proposed that behavior is learned through observation and imitation
  • Triadic Reciprocal Causation Model: behavior is influenced by personal factors, environmental factors, and behavior itself
  • Self-Efficacy: believing in one's ability to perform a task
  • Observational Learning has four principles:
    1. Attention: paying attention to the behavior and its consequences
    2. Retention: remembering the behavior through memory tactics
    3. Reproduction: repeating the behavior
    4. Motivation: having a reason to perform the behavior

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