Constituents and their actions

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50 Questions

Which part of a plant are tannins usually found in?

Leaves

Which herb is rich in hydrolyzable tannins and should be reserved for topical use?

Witch Hazel

Which system does Horsechestnut have an affinity for?

Cardiovascular System

Which herb contains salicin, methyl salicylate, and salicylic acid?

All of the above

Which action do salicylates have on the body?

Anti-inflammatory

Which constituent of bitters acts as a bitter, digestive stimulant?

Gentian

Which of the following is NOT an action of mucilage?

Tonifying

Which herb is NOT an example of a demulcent?

White Willow

Which of the following is NOT a function of emollients?

Promoting wound healing

Which herb is NOT an example of a soothing expectorant?

Chickweed

Which of the following is NOT an action of tannins?

Softening the skin

Which herb is NOT an example of a vulnerary?

Chia

Which of the following plants contains alkaloids?

Green tea

Which of the following plants contains the largest subgroup of quinones?

Cascara

Which of the following actions is associated with anthraquinones?

All of the above

Which of the following is a safety concern associated with alkaloids?

Toxicity

Which of the following is an adverse effect associated with anthraquinones?

Acute intestinal pain and cramping

Ingestion of plants containing anthraquinones may lead to effects after how many hours?

6-8 hours

Which of the following is a characteristic of bitters?

All of the above

Which of the following is a characteristic of hepatoprotective herbs?

Support healthy liver cells

Which of the following is a characteristic of alteratives?

Restore proper nutrition and metabolic function

Which of the following is a characteristic of flavonoids?

Act as anti-oxidants

Which of the following is a characteristic of volatile oils?

Beneficially affect the skin

Which of the following herbs is classified as a nervine relaxant?

Lavender

Which of the following herbs is classified as a nervine stimulant?

Peppermint

Which of the following is a characteristic of rubefacients?

Draw blood from deeper parts of the body into the skin

Which of the following herbs is classified as a nervine tonic?

Oat tops

Which of the following herbs is classified as an immune stimulant/antimicrobial?

Echinacea

Which of the following herbs is classified as a saponin stimulating expectorant?

Eucalyptus

Which of the following herbs is classified as an alkaloid anti-spasmodic?

Lobelia

______ arabica is a plant that contains alkaloids

Coffea

______ sinensis is a plant that contains alkaloids

Camellia

Anthraquinones are the largest subgroup of ______

quinones

Anthraquinones are responsible for ______ effects

laxative

______ is an example of a plant that contains anthraquinones

Cascara

Senna is an example of a plant that contains ______

Anthraquinones

Aloe latex is an example of a plant that contains ______

Anthraquinones

Long term use of anthraquinones can cause ______

dependence

Anthraquinones can cause electrolyte imbalances such as ______

hypokalemia

______ is a safety concern associated with alkaloids

toxicity

Match the following plants to the type of alkaloid they contain:

Passiflora incarnata (Passionflower) = Indole Corydalis ambigua (Corydalis) = Isoquinoline Coffea arabica (Coffee) = Purine Camellia sinensis (Tea) = Purine

Match the following plants with their constituents:

Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) = Anthraquinones Senna (Cassia angustifolia) = Anthraquinones Aloe latex (Aloe barbadensis) = Anthraquinones Turkey Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) = Anthraquinones

Match the following early signs of alkaloid toxicity to their description:

Dry mouth & eyes = Sign of dehydration Pupil dilation = Sign of nervous system stimulation Heart palpitation = Sign of cardiovascular system stimulation Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea = Sign of gastrointestinal system stimulation

Match the following safety concerns with the constituents they are associated with:

Toxicity = Alkaloids Acute intestinal pain & cramping = Anthraquinones Dependence, electrolyte imbalances = Anthraquinones Dehydration, interfere with absorption of medications = Anthraquinones

Match the following actions with the constituents they are associated with:

Stimulant laxative effects = Anthraquinones Increased peristalsis = Anthraquinones Inhibition of water and electrolyte resorption = Anthraquinones 6 – 8 hours delay after ingestion before effects commence = Anthraquinones

Match the following plants to the constituents they contain:

Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) = Anthraquinones Senna (Cassia angustifolia) = Anthraquinones Aloe latex (Aloe barbadensis) = Anthraquinones Turkey Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) = Anthraquinones

Match the following plants to the type of alkaloid they contain:

Psilocybe sp, Lophophora williamsii (Peyote) = Indole Eschscholzia californica (California Poppy) = Isoquinoline Berberis aquifolium/vulgaris (Oregon Grape) = Isoquinoline Hydrastis canadensis (Goldenseal) = Isoquinoline

Match the following plants with their constituents:

Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) = Anthraquinones Senna (Cassia angustifolia) = Anthraquinones Aloe latex (Aloe barbadensis) = Anthraquinones Turkey Rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) = Anthraquinones

Match the following safety concerns to the constituents they are associated with:

All alkaloids have the potential to be toxic = Alkaloids Must adhere to maximum weekly and daily doses with plants containing high levels of alkaloids = Alkaloids Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation = Alkaloids Early signs of toxicity: Dry mouth & eyes = Alkaloids

Match the following constituents to their subgroup:

Anthraquinones = Largest subgroup of quinones Alkaloids = Indole, Isoquinoline, Purine Indole = Subgroup of Alkaloids Isoquinoline = Subgroup of Alkaloids

Test your knowledge on the benefits of bitter greens and hepatics for digestion and detoxification. Learn about their ability to stimulate appetite, regulate blood sugars, aid liver function, and promote the release of digestive enzymes. Discover the difference between cholagogues and choleretics and their role in stimulating bile production. Take the quiz now to enhance your understanding of bitters and hepatics!

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