Syntax and Grammar Final Exam Quiz

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10 Questions

What is the main focus of syntax in language?

How sentences are constructed or arranged

What does Noam Chomsky believe about language?

It is a system of contrast and equivalence

What does syntax primarily focus on in language?

Internal hierarchical structure

What is the subject-predicate relationship concerned with?

The relationship between a noun phrase (NP) and a verb phrase (VP)

What does the concept of language as a system of contrast and equivalence pertain to?

The lack of a motivated relationship between sound and meaning

What does syntax primarily focus on in language?

How sentences are constructed or arranged

What is the subject-predicate relationship concerned with?

The relationship between a noun phrase (NP) and a verb phrase (VP)

What does the concept of language as a system of contrast and equivalence pertain to?

The lack of a motivated relationship between sound and meaning

What does the main verb in a sentence refer to?

The lexical verb

What is the nature of language concerned with?

The lack of a motivated relationship between sound and meaning

Study Notes

Language and Grammar

  • Language is a system of arbitrary symbols used for human communication.
  • Grammar is a description of a language by means of a general definition of 'sentence' in that language, making language finite.

Lexical Category and Head

  • Lexical category refers to the part of speech in which a word belongs (e.g. noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, or adposition/preposition).
  • Head is the element that a phrase is centered on, and is one of the essential or obligatory elements in a phrase.

Phrase Structure

  • A phrase is a group of words that functions as a unit in a sentence.
  • In a phrase, when two nodes are immediately dominated by the same single node, it is called a branching structure (e.g. nodes B and C branch from A).

Types of Phrases

  • A noun phrase is a phrase in which the head is a noun (e.g. "the young erudite professor").
  • A prepositional phrase is a phrase in which the head is a preposition (e.g. "in the book").

Key Figures

  • Ferdinand de Saussure was a linguist who contributed to the study of language and grammar.

Test your knowledge of syntax and grammar with this challenging final exam. Get ready to demonstrate your understanding of language systems and symbolic communication.

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