Skin and Hair Conditions Quiz

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55 Questions

Which layer of the skin is replaced approximately every 4 weeks?

Epidermis

What is the main component of the dermis layer of skin?

Collagen

What information does the skin hold about a person?

Circulatory status

In a chilly environment, what does vasoconstriction cause?

Peripheral vasoconstriction

Which type of sweat glands are responsible for odorless sweat?

Eccrine glands

What is the characteristic of the epidermis in terms of vascularity?

Avascular

What would prolonged elevation of the feet cause?

Prolonged capillary filling time

What is vitiligo caused by?

Complete absence of melanin pigment

What abnormal characteristic is the nurse concerned with when assessing pigmented lesions?

Color variation

What causes erythema, an intense redness of the skin?

Excess blood in the dilated superficial capillaries

What does keeping the feet in a dependent position cause?

Redness

What does a personal history of diabetes and peripheral vascular disease increase the risk for?

Skin lesions in the feet or ankles

What does a recliner chair confinement cause?

Distended veins

What is the nurse concerned with when a mole starts to burn and bleed?

Color variation

What does venous pooling result in?

Distended veins

What does a chilly or air-conditioned environment cause?

Peripheral vasoconstriction

What is the term for excessive dryness of the skin?

Xerosis

Why should a 22-year-old woman with severe sunburn review her medications, particularly tetracyclines?

Tetracyclines can increase sensitivity to sunlight

What is the cause of gray or white hair in old age?

Decrease in functioning melanocytes

What is the cause of acne?

Increased sebum production and abnormal desquamation of cells

Why should a 75-year-old woman with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease avoid self-treatment?

Due to the risk of infection and self-injury

What puts newborns at risk for fluid loss?

Their relatively more permeable skin

What is the primary difference between eccrine and apocrine glands?

Eccrine glands produce sweat, while apocrine glands produce body odor

Why is aging skin thin, lax, and dry?

Due to decreased elastin and subcutaneous fat

What should patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents be concerned about in relation to sunlight?

Increased sun sensitivity and burn response

Why are patients with chronic diseases, like diabetes, at increased risk for infection and lesions?

Due to compromised immune function

What should a 13-year-old girl with acne be informed about the condition?

That it is not contagious and is caused by increased sebum production and abnormal cell desquamation

What is the primary component of the dermis layer of skin?

Contains sensory receptors

Which layer of the skin is thin yet tough and replaced every 4 weeks?

Replaced every 4 weeks

What could excessive sweating on the face and feet without odor be related to?

Eccrine glands

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the dermis layer of skin?

Consists mostly of keratin

What is the primary cause of gray or white hair in old age?

Decrease in functioning melanocytes

What is the term for excessive dryness of the skin?

Xerosis

What causes acne?

Increased sebum production and abnormal cell desquamation

What should patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents be concerned about in relation to sunlight?

Increased sun sensitivity and burn response

Why are patients with chronic diseases, like diabetes, at increased risk for infection and lesions?

Decreased immune response

What is the primary difference between eccrine and apocrine glands?

Location and type of secretion

What does vasoconstriction cause in a chilly environment?

Reduced blood flow to the skin

What does venous pooling result in?

Swelling of the legs

What is the main component of the dermis layer of skin?

Collagen

What does a recliner chair confinement cause?

Venous pooling in the lower extremities

What is the characteristic of the epidermis in terms of vascularity?

Avascular

What does keeping the feet in a dependent position cause?

Reduced blood flow to the feet

What does vitiligo result from?

Complete absence of melanin pigment

What causes erythema, an intense redness of the skin?

Excess blood in the dilated superficial capillaries

What is the nurse concerned with when a mole starts to burn and bleed?

Color variation

What does prolonged elevation of the feet cause?

Pallor

What does venous pooling result in?

Distended veins

What is the primary cause of gray or white hair in old age?

Exhaustion of melanocyte stem cells

What does a chilly or air-conditioned environment cause?

Peripheral vasoconstriction

What is the characteristic of the epidermis in terms of vascularity?

Avascular

What does a recliner chair confinement cause?

Venous pooling

What does the skin hold information about?

Circulatory status

What is the term for excessive dryness of the skin?

Xerosis

Why are patients with chronic diseases, like diabetes, at increased risk for infection and lesions?

Impaired immune function

Study Notes

Skin and Hair Conditions Summary

  • Eccrine glands produce sweat, while apocrine glands are located in specific areas and produce body odor.
  • Newborns are at risk for fluid loss due to their relatively more permeable skin.
  • Aging skin is thin, lax, and dry due to decreased elastin and subcutaneous fat.
  • Gray or white hair in old age is due to a decrease in functioning melanocytes.
  • Excessive dryness of the skin is termed xerosis.
  • Certain medications, like tetracyclines, can increase sensitivity to sunlight.
  • Patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents should be concerned about increased sun sensitivity and burn response.
  • Acne is caused by increased sebum production and abnormal desquamation of cells.
  • Patients with chronic diseases, like diabetes, are at increased risk for infection and lesions and should avoid self-treatment.
  • A 22-year-old woman with severe sunburn should review her medications, particularly tetracyclines.
  • A 75-year-old woman with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease should avoid self-treatment due to the risk of infection and self-injury.
  • A 13-year-old girl with acne should be informed that it is not contagious and is caused by increased sebum production and abnormal cell desquamation.

Skin and Hair Conditions Summary

  • Eccrine glands produce sweat, while apocrine glands are located in specific areas and produce body odor.
  • Newborns are at risk for fluid loss due to their relatively more permeable skin.
  • Aging skin is thin, lax, and dry due to decreased elastin and subcutaneous fat.
  • Gray or white hair in old age is due to a decrease in functioning melanocytes.
  • Excessive dryness of the skin is termed xerosis.
  • Certain medications, like tetracyclines, can increase sensitivity to sunlight.
  • Patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents should be concerned about increased sun sensitivity and burn response.
  • Acne is caused by increased sebum production and abnormal desquamation of cells.
  • Patients with chronic diseases, like diabetes, are at increased risk for infection and lesions and should avoid self-treatment.
  • A 22-year-old woman with severe sunburn should review her medications, particularly tetracyclines.
  • A 75-year-old woman with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease should avoid self-treatment due to the risk of infection and self-injury.
  • A 13-year-old girl with acne should be informed that it is not contagious and is caused by increased sebum production and abnormal cell desquamation.

Test your knowledge of skin and hair conditions with this summary quiz. Learn about the causes and risks associated with various conditions, including aging skin, sun sensitivity, acne, and more. Perfect for anyone wanting to understand common skin and hair issues.

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