Serum Total Protein Test

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10 Questions

What is the main function of albumin in the blood?

Maintaining osmotic pressure and transporting substances like bilirubin and calcium

Which type of globulins bind with heme forming hemoglobin?

Alpha and beta globulins

What is the significance of testing albumin in the blood?

To check how well the liver and kidney are working

Which component of the blood is responsible for transporting metals such as iron?

Alpha and beta globulins

Which group of proteins in the blood are made by the immune system?

Gamma globulins

What is the main function of globulin in the blood?

Binding with heme forming hemoglobin

Why is albumin tested in the blood?

To help determine the cause of swelling of the ankles or abdomen

Which type of globulins help fight infection?

Gamma globulins

What is the most abundant circulating protein in the blood?

Albumin

Which organ is mainly responsible for producing albumin?

Liver

Study Notes

Albumin and Globulins in the Blood

  • Albumin, a type of protein, is the most abundant circulating protein in the blood.
  • The main function of albumin is to regulate the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood, maintaining the balance of fluids within blood vessels.

Globulins and Their Functions

  • Globulins, another type of protein, bind with heme forming hemoglobin.
  • Testing albumin levels in the blood is significant as it helps diagnose and monitor liver and kidney diseases.
  • The globulin proteins made by the immune system help fight infection.
  • The main function of globulin in the blood is to support the immune system.

Transport of Metals and Production of Albumin

  • Transferrin, a type of globulin, is responsible for transporting metals such as iron in the blood.
  • The liver is mainly responsible for producing albumin.

Test your knowledge about the total amount of protein in the blood, including the major groups of proteins such as albumin and globulin and their functions. Understand the significance of this test in assessing overall health.

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