Search Engines and Web Crawlers
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Search Engines and Web Crawlers

Test your knowledge about different search engines and their components. Learn about spiders, robots, and how they collect and arrange web documents into a database.

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@ProfoundPoincare

Questions and Answers

What is the advantage of using Meta Search Tools?

They use multiple search engines to search information

What type of search engine collects new documents on the Web and arranges them into a database?

Spiders or Robots

Which of the following search engines is an example of a Spider or Robot?

Google

What is the benefit of using unique or less common words when searching?

<p>It returns more relevant results</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of using phrases rather than single words when searching?

<p>To get more relevant results</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of search engine is organized by category to allow users to easily browse information?

<p>Search Directories</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a sitelink in a Google listing?

<p>To allow users to navigate to the website's subpages</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of evaluating a website?

<p>To decide if the website meets your information needs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does a website's URL refer to?

<p>The website's address</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a website's description or tagline?

<p>To serve as an introduction to the website's content</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should you do if a website does not meet your information needs?

<p>Try a different website or alter your search terms</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of evaluating a website's credibility?

<p>To determine if the author or site is trustworthy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the first step in citing evidence from a passage?

<p>Closely read the text to find the answer</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of analyzing the evidence in citing evidence?

<p>To determine if the evidence is strong or weak</p> Signup and view all the answers

How should you cite evidence from a passage using a quote?

<p>Place everything that comes directly from the text in quotation marks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of noting inferences and quotations from the passage?

<p>To support a claim or idea</p> Signup and view all the answers

What phrases can be used to cite evidence from a passage?

<p>The study says that...</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to closely read the text to find the answer?

<p>To find supporting evidence for a claim or idea</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference in word order between Direct Speech and Reported Speech in a question?

<p>The subject comes before the verb in Reported Speech</p> Signup and view all the answers

In Reported Speech, which of the following tenses is used to describe an action that will happen in the future?

<p>Would</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of changing the verb tense in Reported Speech?

<p>To show the time of speaking is different from the time of the event</p> Signup and view all the answers

In a Reported Speech sentence, what punctuation mark is used at the end?

<p>Period</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an example of a WH question in Direct Speech?

<p>Where will you buy water?</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between Direct Speech and Reported Speech in terms of place verbs?

<p>Direct Speech uses 'here' while Reported Speech uses 'there'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of descriptive writing?

<p>To provide facts or information</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of academic writing involves re-organizing information into categories or relationships?

<p>Analytical writing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes persuasive writing from analytical writing?

<p>The presentation of a personal point of view</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of critical writing?

<p>The consideration of at least one other point of view</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the relationship between analytical and descriptive writing?

<p>Descriptive writing is a part of analytical writing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of instructions like 'analyze', 'compare', and 'contrast' in an assignment?

<p>To guide analytical writing</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

How to Cite Evidence

  • Cite evidence by using phrases such as "The study says that…", "The paragraph states that…", "The author stated…", "An example of this from the text is…", and "According to…" to support a claim or idea from the passage.
  • Analyze the evidence to determine how it supports a claim or idea and what makes it strong evidence.

Types of Academic Writing

  • Descriptive Writing: provides facts or information, often used in summaries or reports of experiments.
  • Analytical Writing: includes descriptive writing, but also requires reorganizing facts and information into categories, groups, parts, types, or relationships.
  • Persuasive Writing: has all the features of analytical writing, with the addition of the writer's own point of view.
  • Critical Writing: common for research, postgraduate, and advanced undergraduate writing, including features of persuasive writing, with the added feature of at least one other point of view.

Search Engines

  • Spiders or Robots: collect new documents on the web and arrange them into a database, examples include Google, Bing, Yahoo, and Ecosia.
  • Search Directories: collections of websites organized by category, examples include Excite, Galaxy, Web Crawler, and Lycos.
  • Meta Search Tools: use several major search engines and directories to search information, examples include Onesearch, Info.com, Symbaloo, Dogpile, and SUSI.

Strategies when using Search Engines

  • Use phrases rather than single words.
  • Use unique or less common words.
  • Use URL (Uniform Resource Locator) to refer to the address of a website.
  • Consider the description or tagline of a website.
  • Look for sitelinks and additional listings.

Evaluating a Website

  • Open the site and skim through it.
  • Ask questions such as: Can I read/understand the text? Might the site be useful? Does it answer my question? Is this a credible author/site? Does the information meet my needs? Is the site designed to educate, persuade, or sell? Is the information current enough?
  • If the answers are no, try a different website or alter your search terms.

Reported Speech

  • Changes in Time: adjust the verb tense according to the time of the original speech.
  • Direct Speech: quotes the original speaker's words, using quotation marks.
  • Reported Speech: reports the original speaker's words, without using quotation marks.
  • Changes in Place: adjust the verb and pronoun according to the location of the original speech.
  • Changes in Verb Tenses: adjust the verb tense according to the time of the original speech.

Reporting Questions

  • When reporting a question, use the correct word order, with the subject coming before the verb.
  • Use punctuation correctly, ending the sentence with a period even if it contains a reported question.
  • WH Questions: adjust the word order and use the correct verb tense.
  • Yes/No Questions: adjust the word order and use the correct verb tense.

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