Roles and Responsibilities of President and Prime Minister in Indian Politics
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Roles and Responsibilities of President and Prime Minister in Indian Politics

Explore the significant roles of the President and Prime Minister in the political framework of India, focusing on their responsibilities, powers, and the relationship between the two positions. Understand the constitutional authorities, functions, and impact of these key figures in the Indian government.

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Questions and Answers

राष्ट्रपति के किस क्षेत्र में विशेष शक्तियाँ होती हैं?

सेना के सर्वोच्च सेनापति के रूप में काम करना

प्रधानमंत्री किसके साथ गठबंधन के बहुमत के साथ महत्वपूर्ण पद पर होते हैं?

लोकसभा

राष्ट्रपति की योग्यता में से क्या विशेष रूप से उल्लेखनीय है?

पूर्व मुख्य न्यायाधीश होना

प्रधानमंत्री किसे अपने पद में नियुक्त कर सकते ह।

<p>राष्ट्रपति की सलाह पर</p> Signup and view all the answers

राष्ट्रपति क्या काम करते हैं?

<p>राष्ट्रीय फोरमों में भारत का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं</p> Signup and view all the answers

प्रधानमंत्री कैसे नियुक्त होते हैं?

<p>राष्ट्रपति के सलाह पर</p> Signup and view all the answers

प्रधानमंत्री का कार्यकाल कितने समय का होता है?

<p>5 साल</p> Signup and view all the answers

राष्ट्रपति किसे नियुक्त करते हैं?

<p>मुख्य न्यायाधीश</p> Signup and view all the answers

कौन-कौन से तीन संस्थाएं महत्वपूर्ण हैं भारतीय संविधान में?

<p>सरकार, प्रशासन, सत्ता</p> Signup and view all the answers

राष्ट्रपति और प्रधानमंत्री के बीच संबंध ___ होता है।

<p>सहकारी</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

"राजनीति विज्ञान 12" and Key Figures: President and Prime Minister

As the topic "राजनीति विज्ञान 12" (Political Science 12) suggests a focus on Indian politics, we'll be discussing the subtopics of the President and the Prime Minister of India. This article will provide a brief overview of both roles, their responsibilities, and their significance in the country's political framework.

President of India

The President of India, the highest constitutional authority in the country, is elected indirectly by the members of the Electoral College, which includes Members of Parliament (MPs) and MLAs (Members of Legislative Assemblies). The President's role is largely ceremonial, but they do have some significant powers such as:

  • Appointing the Prime Minister
  • Conferring awards and honors
  • Signing international treaties and agreements
  • Acting as the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces

The President is elected for a term of five years, with a provision for re-election. The Indian President is typically a respected and experienced statesman or a former Chief Justice of India.

Prime Minister of India

The Prime Minister of India is the head of the government and the central ministerial council, as well as the leader of the political party or coalition with the majority in the lower house (Lok Sabha) of the Parliament. The Prime Minister's role includes:

  • Forming the Council of Ministers
  • Implementing policies and programs of the government
  • Representing India in international forums
  • Ensuring the smooth functioning of the government machinery

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President based on the advice of the leader of the party or coalition with the majority in the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister's term is co-terminus with the tenure of the Lok Sabha, which is five years.

Relationship Between the President and Prime Minister

The relationship between the President and the Prime Minister is primarily functional and cooperative, with the President serving as a neutral arbiter while the Prime Minister implements policy decisions.

  • The President appoints the Prime Minister, setting the tone for the government's functioning.
  • The President administers the oath of office and secrecy to the Prime Minister, reinforcing the constitutional framework.
  • The President has the right to dissolve the Lok Sabha, which can result in a new general election and a change in the government.
  • The President appoints judges to the Supreme Court and the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India.

The Indian political system is characterized by a delicate balance between the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches. The roles of the President and the Prime Minister are critical in ensuring the smooth functioning of the government and maintaining the stability of the country's political environment.

In conclusion, "राजनीति विज्ञान 12" encompasses the study of political science, particularly in the context of India. The roles of the President and the Prime Minister are central to understanding the country's political framework, its functioning, and its challenges. As India continues to evolve into a global power, these roles remain pivotal in shaping the nation's future.

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