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Respiratory Tract Drugs: Asthma and COPD Management

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46 Questions

What is the primary purpose of measuring peak expiratory flow (PEF)?

To measure the severity of airway constriction

What is the advantage of using inhalation to administer medication for asthma?

It minimizes systemic effects and provides rapid relief of acute attacks

What is the purpose of using a spacer with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)?

To increase the amount of medication that reaches the lungs

Which type of inhaler is breath-activated, making it easier to use?

Dry Powder Inhaler (DPI)

What is the primary mechanism of action of glucocorticoids in asthma treatment?

Preventing chronic inflammation

What is the primary indication for using beta-2 adrenergic agonists in asthma treatment?

To control acute asthma attacks

What is the primary mechanism of action of Leukotriene Modifiers in the treatment of asthma?

Suppressing leukotrienes that promote constriction

Which of the following is a characteristic of methylxanthines in the treatment of asthma?

Sustained release allows for a longer duration of action

What is the primary use of cromolyn in the treatment of asthma?

Stabilization of mast cells to prevent inflammation

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of anticholinergics in the treatment of asthma?

Stimulating Beta1 receptors

What is the primary mechanism of action of nasal decongestants in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Sympathomimetic effects

Which of the following is a characteristic of intranasal glucocorticoids in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

First-generation examples include beclomethasone

What is the primary goal of using peak expiratory flow to measure the severity of airway constriction?

To assess the effectiveness of treatment

What is the primary advantage of using inhalation to administer medication for asthma?

Direct delivery of medication to the site of action

What is the primary mechanism of action of glucocorticoids in asthma treatment?

Reducing inflammation

What is the primary difference between Metered Dose Inhalers (MDI) and Dry Powder Inhalers (DPI)?

DPI is breath-activated, while MDI is not

What is the primary purpose of using a spacer with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)?

To improve the delivery of medication to the lungs

What is the primary use of nebulizers in asthma treatment?

To convert a drug solution into a mist

What is the primary advantage of using anti-inflammatory agents in asthma treatment?

Reducing inflammation

What is the primary indication for using bronchodilators in asthma treatment?

To provide rapid relief of acute attacks

What is the primary mechanism of action of albuterol in the treatment of asthma?

Stimulating beta2 receptors to relax airway smooth muscle

What is the primary use of montelukast in the treatment of asthma?

Preventing exercise-induced asthma

What is the primary effect of anticholinergics in the treatment of asthma?

Drying up secretions

What is the primary mechanism of action of nasal decongestants in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Constricting blood vessels

What is the primary advantage of using inhaled glucocorticoids in the treatment of asthma?

Reduced risk of side effects

What is the primary difference between first-generation and second-generation intranasal glucocorticoids?

Systemic absorption

What is the primary indication for using ipratropium in the treatment of asthma?

Relieving chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms

What is the primary advantage of using a leukotriene modifier in the treatment of asthma?

Reduced risk of side effects

What is the primary mechanism of action of cromolyn in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Stabilizing mast cells

What is the primary purpose of measuring peak expiratory flow (PEF) in asthma patients?

To monitor the progression of the disease

What is the primary mechanism of action of beta-2 adrenergic agonists in asthma treatment?

They relax bronchial smooth muscle

What is the primary advantage of using inhalation to administer medication for asthma?

It reduces the risk of systemic side effects

What is the primary goal of using glucocorticoids in asthma treatment?

To reduce inflammation in the airways

What is the primary difference between Metered Dose Inhalers (MDI) and Dry Powder Inhalers (DPI)?

DPI is breath-activated, whereas MDI is not

What is the primary use of nebulizers in asthma treatment?

To convert a drug solution into a mist

What is the primary benefit of using a spacer with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)?

It increases the delivery of medication to the lungs from 9% to 21%

What is the primary characteristic of glucocorticoids in asthma treatment?

They are anti-inflammatory agents

What is the primary effect of leukotriene modifiers in the treatment of asthma?

Suppressing the production of leukotrienes

What is the main advantage of using inhaled anticholinergics in the treatment of asthma?

Reduction of airway secretions

What is the primary difference between oral and inhaled albuterol in the treatment of asthma?

Duration of action

What is the primary mechanism of action of nasal decongestants in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Sympathomimetic stimulation

What is the primary advantage of using montelukast in the treatment of asthma?

Prophylaxis and maintenance of asthma symptoms

What is the primary effect of candidiasis in patients using inhaled albuterol?

Increased risk of oral candidiasis

What is the primary indication for using methylxanthines in the treatment of asthma?

Sustained-release treatment of asthma

What is the primary difference between first-generation and second-generation intranasal glucocorticoids in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Systemic absorption of glucocorticoids

What is the primary advantage of using cromolyn in the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

Stabilization of mast cells

This quiz covers the basics of chronic inflammatory diseases affecting the airways, including asthma and COPD. Learn about the signs and symptoms, such as dyspnea, wheezing, and cough, and how to measure airway constriction using peak expiratory flow (PEF). Understand how to avoid triggers for better symptom control.

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