Residential Property Planning

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40 Questions

What is the minimum horizontal dimension for a court?

2.00m

What is the minimum percentage of open space required for an interior lot?

50%

What is the minimum ceiling height for a mezzanine?

1.80m

How many exits are required for a building with 10 or more occupants?

2

What is the minimum width for a bathroom door?

600mm

What is the minimum percentage of floor area required for windows in regular rooms?

10%

What is the maximum riser height for a stairway?

250mm

How often must landings be provided for ladders?

Every 1.8m of rise

What is a characteristic of a rowhouse?

The living units are separated by party walls

What is the minimum width of a pathwalk?

3.00m

What is the purpose of a firewall?

To separate living units from each other

What is the minimum area required for parks and playgrounds?

100sqm

What is a characteristic of a block?

A parcel of land bounded by streets

What is the purpose of a multipurpose center in a subdivision project?

To serve as a community facility

What should be avoided when planning a subdivision project?

Areas subject to flooding

What is the purpose of an alley?

To break a block and connect to streets

What is the minimum width of a Major road in a subdivision?

8.00m

What is the primary purpose of an Alley in a subdivision?

To break a block and provide access to multiple properties

What is the maximum length of a Pathwalk in a subdivision?

60 meters

What is the minimum lot area for a Single detached house in Economic housing?

72 sqm

What is the percentage of gross family income that determines the affordability level of economic and socialized housing?

30%

What is the minimum lot frontage for a Corner lot in Socialized housing?

8.00m

Which of the following is NOT relevant to BP 220?

National Building Code

What is the price ceiling for socialized housing, as determined by HLURB?

400K and below

What is the minimum floor area for a house in Socialized housing?

18 sqm

What is the minimum width of a Pathwalk in a subdivision?

3.00m

What is the primary purpose of socialized housing projects?

To provide housing for the underprivileged and homeless citizens

What is the definition of a dwelling, according to RA 7279?

A building designed/used as a residence for one or more families

How many units are typically found in a Rowhouse cluster?

20 units

What is the characteristic of a single-detached dwelling?

A dwelling for one family completely surrounded by open spaces

What is the term for facilities intended to serve common needs and for the benefit of the community?

Community facilities

What is the definition of a multiple-family dwelling?

A dwelling on one lot containing separate living units for multiple families

What percentage of the total residential area can be designed for non-residential use?

25%

What is the minimum distance between buildings for 3-4 storey buildings?

6.00m

What is the parking requirement for multi-family dwellings and condominiums?

1 slot for 8 units

What is the minimum floor area for Economic housing?

22 sqm.

What is required for structures more than 15 meters in height?

Fire suppression systems

What is the maximum distance for off-site parking?

100m

What is the minimum distance between buildings with blank walls?

2.00m

What is required for buildings 6 storeys or higher?

Elevators

Study Notes

Economic and Socialized Housing

  • Economic and socialized housing refers to housing units that are affordable to average and low-income earners, with a price ceiling of 30% of the gross family income.
  • The price ceiling for different types of housing is as follows:
    • Socialized housing: 400K and below
    • Low-cost 1: 300K-1.25M
    • Low-cost 2: 1.25M-2M
    • Medium cost: 2M-4M
    • Open market: 4M and above

Definition of Terms

  • Socialized housing: Housing projects undertaken by the government for the underprivileged and homeless citizens.
  • Economic housing: Housing projects provided to average income families with affordable costs.
  • Dwelling: A building designed or used as a residence for one or more families.
  • Single-family dwelling: A dwelling on one lot containing one family.
  • Multiple-family dwelling: A dwelling on one lot containing separate living units for multiple families.
  • Community facilities: Facilities intended to serve common needs and for the benefit of the community.

Subdivision Design

  • Planning considerations:
    • Avoid areas subject to flooding/hazards.
    • Preserve trees with a caliper diameter of 200mm or greater.
    • Follow easement requirements set by other codes.
    • Provide major streets with extensions for future connections.
  • Parks and playgrounds:
    • Minimum area required is expressed in %.
    • Area increases as density (lots/hectare) increases.
    • Absolute minimum: 100sqm.
  • Community facilities:
    • A multipurpose center is required for projects 1 hectare or bigger.
    • Circulation/road planning:
      • Observe the prescribed road hierarchies and minimum RROW widths within the subdivision.
      • Minimum sizes of roads:
        • Interconnecting road: 10.00m
        • Major road: 8.00m
        • Collector road: 8.00m
        • Minor road: 6.50m
        • Motor court: 6.00m
        • Pathwalk: 3.00m
        • Alley: 2.00m

Building Design: Single-Family Dwellings

  • Access to property:
    • Pathwalks may only be used as access to property only for socialized housing.
    • Courts:
      • Minimum horizontal dimension: 2.00m
      • Provide a passageway 1.20m wide minimum that leads to a street or yard.
  • Open space requirements:
    • Interior lot: 50% (BP 220), 40% (NBC)
    • Inside lot: 20% (BP 220), 50% (NBC)
    • Corner lot: 10% (BP 220), 30% (NBC)
  • Ceiling heights:
    • Minimum ceiling height: 2.00m
    • Mezzanine: 1.80m
  • Exits:
    • Less than 10 occupants: 1
    • 10 or more occupants: 2
  • Door heights and widths:
    • 1.80m for bathroom and mezzanine doors
    • 2.00m for all other doors
    • 800mm for main door
    • 700mm for bedroom or service door
    • 600mm for bathroom
  • Windows:
    • Regular rooms: 10% of floor area
    • Bathrooms: 5% of floor area
  • Stairways:
    • Riser: 250mm max
    • Tread: 200mm min
    • Width: 600mm min
    • Headroom: 2.0m min
    • Landing-to-landing: 3.6m
  • Handrails:
    • 800-1200mm from floor
    • Handrails not required for stairs with less than 4 steps
  • Firewalls:
    • Required whenever a dwelling abuts on a property line
    • At least 150mm or 6 inches thick
    • 300mm extensions above roof and building edges
    • Ceilings should be compartmentalized and not continuous from one space to another

Building Design: Multiple-Family Dwellings

  • Access to property:
    • The property must abut a public street.
    • Pathwalks are not allowed as property access.
  • Non-residential use:
    • Portions of the property may be designed for non-residential use if the use is harmonious or compatible with the residential character of the property.
    • Maximum 25% of the total residential area.
  • Distances between buildings:
    • For 1 to 2-storey buildings:
      • Between buildings: 4.00m
      • Between eaves: 1.50m
    • For 3-4 storey buildings:
      • Between buildings: 6.00m
      • Between eaves: 2.00m
    • For buildings taller than 4 storeys:
      • Between buildings: 10.00m
      • Between eaves: 6.00m
  • Parking requirements:
    • Follow parking slot sizes in NBC.
    • For multi-family dwellings and condominiums, provide 1 slot for 8 units.
    • Driveway may be used as a parking area if the minimum RROW is maintained.
  • Off-site parking:
    • Off-site parking allowed as long as it is NOT more than 100m away.
  • Minimum floor areas:
    • Socialized housing: 18 sqm
    • BP 220 condominium: 18 sqm
    • Economic housing: 22 sqm
  • Exits and corridors:
    • Follow the NBC and the Fire Code.
  • Fire suppression systems:
    • Required for structures more than 15 meters in height.
  • Elevators:
    • Required for buildings 6 storeys or higher.
    • The elevator's design shall conform to the requirements in the NBC and BP 344.

This quiz covers aspects of residential property planning, including non-residential use and distance between buildings. Test your knowledge of property planning regulations and guidelines.

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