# Research Methods: Approaches to Sampling

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## 18 Questions

### What is a necessary condition for probability sampling?

Each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected

Mail surveys

### What is the primary advantage of stratified random sampling?

It increases the likelihood that the sample will represent the population

### What is the purpose of a sampling frame in probability sampling?

To provide a list of potential participants for the survey

### What is the primary difference between probability and nonprobability sampling?

The equal chance of selection for each member of the population

### Which of the following is an example of a nonprobability sampling method?

Convenience sampling

### What is the primary goal of selecting a sample in research?

To ensure that the sample is representative of the population

### What is the primary limitation of Sample A and Sample B?

They are representative of only one feature of the population.

Selection bias

Sampling Frame

### Which type of sampling involves dividing the population into subgroups based on characteristics and then selecting a random sample from each subgroup?

Stratified Random Sampling

Response Bias

### What is the primary reason for under-representation of individuals from diverse cultures in research?

Researcher's bias in selection procedures

Non-respondents

### What is the term for the process of selecting a sample that is representative of the population?

Probability Sampling

### Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a sample that is representative of the population?

The sample is comprised of only volunteers

### What is the primary consequence of response bias in survey data collection?

A sample that represents only the population of people who are interested and have time

### What is the term for the list of all individuals in the population from which a sample is drawn?

Sampling frame

Test your understanding of sampling methods in research, including non-probability and probability sampling, and their applications. Learn about convenience sampling and more.

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