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Qatar Modern State Building 1960-1971

Test your knowledge of Qatar's modern history, specifically during the reign of Shaykh Ahmad bin Ali from 1960 to 1971. Learn about the country's rapid development and its relations with the Arab society and Gulf neighbors.

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Questions and Answers

Where was Shaykh Ahmad bin Ali born?

Doha

Who became the crown prince in 1960?

Shaykh Khalifa bin Hamad

What was a result of the increased financial resources in Qatar?

Major administrative and executive developments

What was cancelled in 1960?

<p>The position of British advisor to the Shaykh</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who became the Director of the General Government in 1962?

<p>Dr. Hassan Kamil</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was issued in 1970?

<p>An organic law</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what year did Qatar gain political independence from the British?

<p>1971</p> Signup and view all the answers

What position was terminated in 1971 after Qatar gained independence?

<p>The British political agent</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was discovered in Qatar in 1971, increasing revenue?

<p>New oilfields</p> Signup and view all the answers

What organization did Qatar join in 1971 after gaining independence?

<p>The Arab League</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who has sovereignty and ultimate authority over the executive, legislative, and judicial arms of government in Qatar?

<p>The Ruler (the Emir)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who became the legal advisor to the government in 1960?

<p>Dr. Hassan Kamil</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was established in 1962, chaired by Dr. Hassan Kamil, and supervised by the Crown Prince and the Ruler’s deputy?

<p>The Higher Administration</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many government agencies existed by the beginning of the 1970s?

<p>33</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was appointed as the head of the judiciary in Qatar in 1941?

<p>Shaykh Abdullah bin Zayd Al Mahmoud</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was established in the late 1960s to handle foreign affairs?

<p>The Foreign Affairs Department</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who established and chaired a Sharia court in Doha?

<p>Shaykh Abdullah bin Zayd</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the purpose of the Dubai Agreement in 1968?

<p>To create a United Arab Federation in the Gulf</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what year was the Qatar National Bank (QNB) founded?

<p>1964</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why did the British government decide to withdraw from Qatar before 1971?

<p>Due to the increased presence of the US and its oil concessions in the region</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the name of the first offshore field developed in Qatar?

<p>Idd al-Shargi Field</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the purpose of the Qatar Dubai Currency Council?

<p>To issue a new currency in Qatar and Dubai</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the reason for the creation of the Labor Court in 1962?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the name of the court that was abolished in 1970 and replaced by a regular Qatari circuit court?

<p>Municipal Affairs Court</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the reason for the creation of the Qatar Currency Agency in 1973?

<p>To replace the Qatar Dubai riyal with a new currency</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the name of the organization that Qatar joined in 1961, a year after its establishment?

<p>OPEC</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why was the Federation project terminated?

<p>Due to competition between federation members</p> Signup and view all the answers

When was Qatar's basic law (constitution) issued?

<p>2 July 1970</p> Signup and view all the answers

What international organization did Qatar join in 1963?

<p>Office devoted to boycotting Israel</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was stipulated by Article 22 of the Temporary Basic Law?

<p>The rulership of the state is inherited within the Al Thani family</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many government agencies were changed into ministries on 28 May 1970?

<p>10</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was announced by Shaykh Khalifa bin Hamad on 1 September 1971?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

When did Qatar become a member of the Arab League?

<p>11 September 1971</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who became the new Emir of Qatar on 22 February 1972?

<p>Shaykh Khalifa bin Hamad</p> Signup and view all the answers

For how many years was Qatar under British protection?

<p>55 years</p> Signup and view all the answers

When was the first cabinet created?

<p>28 May 1970</p> Signup and view all the answers

Shaykh Ahmad bin Ali was born in 1920 in Saudi Arabia.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Shaykh Khalifa bin Hamad became the Emir of Qatar in 1960.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar became more isolated from larger Arab society during Shaykh Ahmad bin Ali's reign.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The position of British advisor to the Shaykh was terminated in 1961.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Dr. Hassan Kamil became the Director of the General Government in 1961.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar's Organic Law was issued in 1971.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Shaykh Abdullah bin Zayd established and chaired a Sharia court in Doha.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The first offshore field developed in Qatar was Maydan Mahzam.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar joined OPEC in 1963, two years after its establishment in Baghdad.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Qatar Dubai Currency Council issued a new currency in 1965.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The British government decided to withdraw from Qatar before 1970.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Labor Court was created in 1961 to deal with the expansion of government agencies.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Qatar National Bank (QNB) was founded in 1965.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Traffic Court was established in 1969.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The British political agent's court was abolished in 1970 and its jurisdiction went to Qatari courts.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Municipal Affairs court was established in 1967 to deal with cases related to facilities and building codes.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar's participation in international organizations started after independence in 1971.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Temporary Basic Law of 1970 was issued on May 28, 1970.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Emir of Qatar has legislative authority.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar's independence from Britain was declared on September 3, 1970.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Basic Law of 1970 stated that Qatar is a Western democratic country.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The 1916 protection treaty between Qatar and Britain was cancelled in 1970.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar joined the United Nations on September 1, 1971.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Ruler of Qatar has ultimate authority over the executive, legislative, and judicial arms of government.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The first cabinet met on May 28, 1970.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar was a member of the Arab League before 1971.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar obtained political independence from the British in 1970

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Crown Prince is responsible for issuing administrative decisions and regulations

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The first Minister of Finance was appointed in 1961

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

A higher administration for government agencies was established in 1960

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Judicial Authority was based on written regulations and laws before oil was discovered

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Shaykh Abdullah bin Jassim established a Sharia court in Doha

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Foreign Affairs Department was established in 1960

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The government agencies were formed for infrastructure, social services, health, and education projects

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Qatar joined the Arab League before gaining independence from the British

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Shaykh Khalifa bin Hamad was the Ruler of Qatar in the 1960s

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

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