Psychology Schools of Thought

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18 Questions

Which branch of psychology focuses on how injuries or illnesses of the brain affect behavior and brain function?

Neuropsychology

Which branch of psychology involves applying knowledge and methods to answer questions about civil or criminal cases, and creating profiles of criminals based on character and psychological traits?

Forensic psychology

Which branch of psychology focuses on how people interact with machines and technology?

Human factor psychology

Which type of research aims to build the knowledge base of psychology and is associated with structuralism?

Basic Research

Which type of psychology is the study of an athlete's well-being to improve their physical sports performance?

Sports psychology

Which branch of psychology focuses on how biological, social, and psychological factors influence a person's physical health and illness?

Health psychology

Which type of psychology is the study of how individuals are influenced by social groups?

Social Psychology

What is the experimental factor that is being changed in an experiment called?

Independent variable

What is an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors called?

Theory

What is a testable prediction, an if-then statement out of a theory called?

Hypothesis

Which branch of psychology involves analyzing consciousness into its basic elements and their relationships?

Structuralism psychology

What type of psychologist is focused on diagnosing and treating mental behavior problems?

Clinical psychologist

Which approach in psychology emphasizes the influence of genetics and brain chemistry on one's identity?

Biological approach

Which branch of psychology focuses on using biological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors to identify physical and mental health?

Biopsychosocial psychology

Which type of psychologist is focused on helping people cope with challenges to improve personal and social functioning?

Counseling psychologist

Which approach in psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of natural selection?

Evolutionary approach

Which branch of psychology focuses on the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking?

Social-Cultural psychology

What type of psychologist is a medical doctor who can prescribe medicine and diagnose mental health conditions?

Psychiatrist

Study Notes

Psychology Branches

  • Neuropsychology: focuses on how injuries or illnesses of the brain affect behavior and brain function.
  • Forensic Psychology: applies knowledge and methods to answer questions about civil or criminal cases, and creates profiles of criminals based on character and psychological traits.
  • Human Factors Psychology: focuses on how people interact with machines and technology.
  • Sport Psychology: studies an athlete's well-being to improve their physical sports performance.
  • Health Psychology: focuses on how biological, social, and psychological factors influence a person's physical health and illness.
  • Social Psychology: studies how individuals are influenced by social groups.
  • Clinical Psychology: focuses on diagnosing and treating mental behavior problems.
  • Biopsychology: emphasizes the influence of genetics and brain chemistry on one's identity.
  • Counseling Psychology: helps people cope with challenges to improve personal and social functioning.
  • Psychiatry: a medical doctor who can prescribe medicine and diagnose mental health conditions.

Research and Theories

  • Basic Research: aims to build the knowledge base of psychology and is associated with structuralism.
  • Independent Variable: the experimental factor that is being changed in an experiment.
  • Theory: an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors.
  • Hypothesis: a testable prediction, an if-then statement out of a theory.
  • Structuralism: a branch of psychology that involves analyzing consciousness into its basic elements and their relationships.
  • Evolutionary Psychology: studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of natural selection.
  • Cross-Cultural Psychology: focuses on the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.

Test your knowledge about different schools of thought in psychology, such as structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalytic approach, cognitive approach, and humanistic approach.

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