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Psychology Quiz: Research and Neuroscience Basics

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32 Questions

A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables is a

A Hypothesis

The school of psychology that focuses on the function of the consciousness and what is its purpose? What role does behavior play in which people adapt to the environment? (Why do we do what we do?)

Functionalism

Chemicals Referred to as neurotransmitters, are secreted from the?

Terminal button

Jim is doing research on children. He wants to see if watching 4 hours of television a day influences children aggressive behavior as compared to not watching any television. The dependent variable is?

Aggressive behavior

A biologist has discovered an animal that has eyes that are similar to human's eyes. However. This animal's eyes only have cones as the receptor cells in the retina. There are no rods. Based on what is known about the human vision, you might expect that this animal would?

It has acuity in its eyesight

When the hair cells (hearing), Rods/cones (sight) taste buds (taste) are stimulated this is called?

Sensation

The first two major schools of psychology were

Functionalism and Structuralism

When a neuron has the previous neuron fire and this neuron does not fire the previous neuron is said to give what type of message to the non firing neuron?

Inhibitory message

Which of the following is a step in the scientific investigation?

Formulate a testable hypothesis

The range of -1.0 to plus 1.0 in this certain research method relationship strength is called?

Correlation coefficient

Which of the following is not a neurotransmitter?

Morphine

With which of the following statements would a behaviorist agree?

Psychology should be the science of behavior that can be observed by others

Mitch predicts that the higher level of stress during exams can cause lower academic performances on those exams Mitchell's statement can be considered a?

Hypothesis

The space between a terminal button and a dendrite is referred to as the?

Synapse

The cells of the nervous system that do the work of receiving integrating and transmitting information are the?

Neurons

The Penner air drum hammer anvil stirrup and a Coachella are all part of how we?

Hear

Per _____ theory receptor cells for color are Linked in pairs and when one of the cells is activated the partner cells are inhibited

Opponent-Process

Tammy has lived near the Harrisburg airport for the past 10 years when friends visit Tammy at her house they are looking up every 15 to 20 minutes because of planes taking off or landing Tammy does not even notice the planes anymore because of?

Adaptation

The ability to infer a cause- and- effect Ship between 2 variables is associated only with the?

experimental research method

Sam believes that all people are capable of self-fulfillment his belief is consistent with the _____ Perspective

humanistic

The largest most complex part of the brain which consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, and cerebrum is the is the?

Forebrain

Light strikes the retinas receptors triggers neural signals which move to the bipolar cells bipolar cells transfer the signal to the ganglion cells sending a neural impulse along the optic nerve to the brain this is how we?

See

Psychologists could be found working

All the above

Which of the following is the correlation coefficient that indicates the Weakest/NO relationship between 2 variables being measures?

0.00

Which of the following is the most likely to be studied by a cognitive psychologist?

Strategies used by college students to solve a problem

Marla is a research assistant who's collecting data on the side effects of a new medication for depression the participants do not know whether they have actually been given the medication and Marla is also naive about which participants have been given the drug marla and the participants are part of a?

double-blind procedure

Acetylcholine, Glutamate, gamma amino butyric acid, dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, and endorphins are all considered

Neurotransmitter

Action potential is?

The brief shift in the neurons electrical charge from negative to positive?

The ______ nervous System mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy (such as flea from an attack)

Sympathetic

The only sense that is NOT routed through the thalamus before if it projects onto the cortex is

Smell

Any measurable conditions events behaviors that are controlled or observed by the research in a study are called?

Variables

In a study designed to test the effects of a new drug developed to treat Alzheimer's disease half of the patients were given the actual drug while the other half of the patients were given a placebo (sugar pill). In this study the control group is?

the group who received the placebo

Study Notes

Research Methods

  • A tentative statement about the relationship between 2 or more variables is a hypothesis.
  • In a study, the dependent variable is the outcome being measured.
  • A biologist conducting research on children's aggressive behavior would measure aggressive behavior as the dependent variable.
  • A correlational research method is associated with inferring a cause-and-effect relationship between 2 variables.
  • In experimental research, the independent variable affects the dependent variable.
  • Random assignments are when subjects have an equal chance of being in either the control or experimental group.

Psychology

  • The study of the mind involving the organism's behavior and mental processes is called psychology.
  • The first two major schools of psychology were functionalism and structuralism.
  • A behaviorist would agree that psychology should be the science of behavior that can be observed by others.
  • Humanism focuses on the function of consciousness and what its purpose is.
  • Sam's belief that all people are capable of self-fulfillment is consistent with the humanistic perspective.

Biology

  • Chemicals referred to as neurotransmitters are secreted from the terminal button.
  • The cells of the nervous system that do the work of receiving, integrating, and transmitting information are neurons.
  • The space between a terminal button and a dendrite is referred to as the synapse.
  • The largest, most complex part of the brain consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, and cerebrum.
  • Light striking the retina's receptors triggers neural signals, which move to the bipolar cells, then to the ganglion cells, sending a neural impulse along the optic nerve to the brain.
  • Acetylcholine, glutamate, gamma amino butyric acid, dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, and endorphins are all considered neurotransmitters.
  • Endorphins help suppress pain.

Nervous System

  • The parasympathetic nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to relax and recover.
  • The sympathetic nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy.
  • The synapse is the junction where information is transmitted from one neuron to the next neuron.
  • Action potential is the brief shift in a neuron's electrical charge from negative to positive.

Statistics

  • The correlation coefficient that indicates the weakest/no relationship between 2 variables being measured is 0.00.
  • A correlation coefficient of -0.12 indicates a weak negative correlation between 2 variables.

Miscellaneous

  • A double-blind procedure ensures that both the researcher and participants are unaware of which group is the control group.
  • The sense that is NOT routed through the thalamus before it projects onto the cortex is smell.

Test your knowledge of psychology research methods, neuroscience, and the schools of psychology. Questions cover hypotheses, neurotransmitters, and more.

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