Psychology of Development
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Psychology of Development

Test your knowledge of psychology development stages, personality components, and more. Prepare for your exams with this comprehensive quiz!

Created by
@RoomyConnotation

Questions and Answers

According to Freud, which component of the mind is driven by the pleasure principle and is present at birth?

ID

During which stage of development does the Anal Stage occur?

Between 18 months to 3 years

What is the primary component of personality according to Freud?

ID

What is the primary function of the Ego?

<p>To ensure the ID's impulses are expressed in a socially acceptable manner</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary characteristic of the Phallic Stage?

<p>Development of the Oedipus complex or Electra complex</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of the Superego?

<p>To internalize the ideals and values of society</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary characteristic of the Latency Period?

<p>Stage of relative calm and stability in psychosexual development</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the driving force behind all human activity according to Freud?

<p>Psychic Energy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Psychoanalysis and Personality Development

  • The ID is the primary component of personality and the source of all psychic energy, driven by the pleasure principle.
  • The ID is present at birth and seeks immediate gratification and satisfaction of needs, desires, and wants.

Stages of Psychosexual Development

  • Oral Stage: Occurs from birth to 18 months, focuses on feeding and oral sensations.
  • Anal Stage: Occurs from 18 months to 3 years, focuses on toilet training and control of bodily functions.
  • Phallic Stage: Occurs from 3 to 6 years, marked by the development of the Oedipus complex or Electra complex.
  • Latency Period: A stage of relative calm and stability in psychosexual development, occurring between 6 to 12 years of age or until puberty.
  • Genital Stage: Occurs from puberty onwards, characterized by the reawakening of sexual interests and establishment of mature sexual relationships.

Components of the Mind

  • ID: The primary component of personality, driven by the pleasure principle, and the source of all psychic energy.
  • Ego: Develops from the ID, ensures that impulses from the ID are expressed in a manner acceptable to the world.
  • Superego: Develops last, represents the internalized ideals and values of society.

Psychological Terms

  • Pleasure Principle: The tendency to seek immediate gratification and satisfaction of needs, desires, and wants.
  • Reality Principle: Determines whether to act on impulse or act on what is reasonable and socially acceptable.
  • Psychic Energy: The driving force behind all human activity, according to Freud.
  • Impulse: A sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act.
  • Acting on Reason: Making decisions based on logical or rational thinking.

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