Psychoactive Drugs Quiz

StunnedRockCrystal avatar
StunnedRockCrystal
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

72 Questions

What are some examples of monoamine-like drugs mentioned in the text?

LSD, psilocybin, Mescaline

What are some examples of synthetic mescaline-like drugs mentioned in the text?

MDMA/MDA

What unique mechanism does Salvia have among hallucinogens?

Salvia has a unique mechanism among hallucinogens

What are some examples of dissociative anesthetics mentioned in the text?

Phencyclidine (PCP), Ketamine, Nitrous oxide

Name three typical effects of PCP when used intranasally.

Effects last from 35 to 40 minutes, typical oral dose is 175 mg; intranasal dose is 50 mg, PCP peaks in about 10 to 90 minutes

What are the neurophysiological effects of PCP?

PCP blocks NMDA receptors and acts as reinforcers.

What are the typical behavior and performance effects of PCP?

Amnesia, schizophrenic behavior, coma, relaxation, warmth, numbness, euphoric feeling, distortions in body image, floating in space, mild depression (24 hrs to a week), mood changes.

What are the properties, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms associated with PCP use?

Stimulus properties include animals trained to discriminate PCP and ketamine do not generalize this response to any other class of drugs (only those that block NMDA like dextromethorphan), tolerance develops when used everyday, and withdrawal symptoms include vocalizations, grinding of the teeth, diarrhea, difficulty staying awake, anxiety, confusion, tremors.

What are the self-administration patterns and prevalence of PCP use?

PCP is self-administered by nonhuman animals, has reinforcing effects, and self-administration in humans has fairly low rates. Patterns of PCP use are similar to LSD, but unlike LSD, some occasional users may become chronic users. It is popular in metropolitan areas but not very popular elsewhere. Ketamine seems to be more prevalent among high school students and in the club scene.

What harmful effects can large doses of PCP cause?

Large doses of PCP can cause disorientation, agitation, hyperactivity, and potentially long-lasting psychotic behavior (schizophrenic symptoms).

What are the lethal effects of ketamine when mixed with alcohol or barbiturates?

When ketamine is mixed with alcohol or barbiturates, it can lead to coma, convulsions, respiratory arrest, brain hemorrhage, and kidney failure. It can be possibly lethal due to potentiated effects in combination with such depressants.

What are the neurophysiological and pharmacological properties of dextromethorphan?

Dextromethorphan binds with low affinity to the NMDA receptor complex and has pharmacological properties similar to the dissociative anesthetics and alcohol.

What are the subjective effects of LSD?

hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

What are some effects of LSD on perception?

keener perceptions, acute sight and sound

What are some effects of LSD on problem-solving?

impaired problem-solving

How long does it take for tolerance to LSD to develop and dissipate?

develops rapidly and dissipates within a week

What are the potential adverse effects of LSD overdose?

acute psychotic reactions and flashbacks

Who initially synthesized MDMA and when was it reclassified due to neurotoxic effects?

Merck drug company; reclassified in 1985

What are some associated effects of MDMA (Ecstasy)?

increased sex drive, wakefulness, and euphoria

How does MDMA affect neurotransmitter release and reuptake?

affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

What state does MDMA induce, similar to other substances?

similar to marijuana or low doses of PCP without hallucinations

Why has the use of MDMA declined?

perceived risk

What receptors does Salvia affect, and what effects does it induce?

kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors; intense hallucinations and dissociative effects

What are some street names for Phencyclidine (PCP) and ketamine?

PCP: crystal, angel dust, hob; ketamine: K, Special K, kitkat

Which drug is similar to serotonin and is mentioned in the text?

Psilocybin

Which drug is not a monoamine-like drug but is mentioned in the text?

Salvia

Which drug is similar to catecholamines dopamine and norepinephrine and is mentioned in the text?

Mescaline

Which drug is not a synthetic mescaline-like drug but is mentioned in the text?

Nitrous oxide

What is the typical oral dose of PCP?

175 mg

How long do the effects of PCP last when used intranasally?

35-40 minutes

What are some withdrawal symptoms associated with PCP use?

Vocalizations, grinding of the teeth, diarrhea

What are some harmful effects of large doses of PCP?

Disorientation, agitation, hyperactivity

What are the lethal effects of ketamine when mixed with alcohol or barbiturates?

Respiratory arrest, brain hemorrhage, kidney failure

What are the effects of dextromethorphan on nonhumans?

Decrease in locomotor activity, memory impairment

What are some effects of high doses of dextromethorphan in humans?

Euphoria, tactile and visual hallucinations

What is the lethal dose of ketamine compared to the effective dose for intranasal administration?

25 X

What is the half-life of LSD in humans?

3-5 hours

What are the effects of LSD on perception?

Keener perceptions

What are some street names for ketamine?

K

What are the subjective effects of LSD?

Hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

What are the effects of MDMA on neurotransmitter release and reuptake?

It affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

What are the effects of salvia on receptors?

Affects kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors

What are some street names for PCP?

Crystal, angel dust, and hob

What is the reclassification status of MDMA due to neurotoxic effects?

Reclassified in 1985

What are the effects of MDMA similar to?

Marijuana or low doses of PCP without hallucinations

How is ketamine administered?

Orally, inhaled, or injected

What is the effect of LSD on body temperature?

Increased body temperature

What are the effects of MDMA on self-administration by primates?

Readily self-administered by primates

What are some examples of monoamine-like drugs mentioned in the text?

LSD, psilocybin, Mescaline

What are some examples of dissociative anesthetics mentioned in the text?

Phencyclidine (PCP), Ketamine, Nitrous oxide

What are the typical effects of LSD and Mescaline on the body?

LSD: Hits 1970s, 100 micrograms Gel tab, Microdots (candies, sm pills); Mescaline: dried peyote cactus. Usually taken orally, effects begin between 30-90 min.

What are some examples of synthetic mescaline-like drugs mentioned in the text?

MDMA/MDA

What are the effects of LSD on the body temperature?

LSD causes increased body temperature

What are some effects of MDMA (Ecstasy)?

Increased sex drive, wakefulness, and euphoria

How is ketamine administered?

Ketamine can be administered orally, inhaled, or injected

What are the subjective effects of LSD?

Hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

What are the effects of MDMA on neurotransmitter release and reuptake?

MDMA affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

What are the effects of salvia on receptors?

Salvia affects kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors

What are some street names for Phencyclidine (PCP) and ketamine?

PCP: crystal, angel dust, hob; Ketamine: K, Special K, kitkat

What are some withdrawal symptoms associated with PCP use?

Depletion in serotonin and various harmful effects

What are the effects of LSD on perception?

Keener perceptions, acute sight and sound, and impaired problem-solving

What are the lethal effects of ketamine when mixed with alcohol or barbiturates?

Ketamine can be lethal when mixed with alcohol or barbiturates

What are the effects of PCP when used intranasally?

Hallucinations, analgesia, and feelings of dissociation

What are the effects of high doses of dextromethorphan in humans?

Intoxication, sensory disturbances, and disorientation

What are the typical effects of PCP when used intranasally?

The effects of PCP when used intranasally include relaxation, warmth, numbness, euphoric feeling, distortions in body image, floating in space, mild depression, and mood changes.

What are some harmful effects of large doses of PCP?

Large doses of PCP can cause disorientation, agitation, hyperactivity, potentially long-lasting psychotic behavior (schizophrenic symptoms), and can slow the growth of the fetus, precipitate labor, and cause fetal disease.

What are the neurophysiological effects of PCP?

PCP blocks NMDA receptors and acts as reinforcers.

What are the properties, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms associated with PCP use?

Properties of PCP include its stimulus properties, tolerance develops with everyday use, and withdrawal symptoms may include vocalizations, grinding of the teeth, diarrhea, difficulty staying awake, anxiety, confusion, and tremors.

What are the typical oral and intranasal doses of PCP?

The typical oral dose of PCP is 175 mg, and the intranasal dose is 50 mg.

What are the lethal effects of ketamine when mixed with alcohol or barbiturates?

When mixed with alcohol or barbiturates, ketamine can potentially cause lethal effects such as coma, convulsions, respiratory arrest, brain hemorrhage, and kidney failure.

What are some effects of high doses of dextromethorphan in humans?

High doses of dextromethorphan in humans can cause ataxia, dizziness, euphoria, tactile and visual hallucinations.

What are the self-administration patterns and prevalence of PCP use?

PCP is self-administered by nonhuman animals and has reinforcing effects. In humans, self-administration rates are fairly low, and the patterns of PCP use are similar to LSD, with occasional users potentially becoming chronic users.

Study Notes

Psychoactive Drugs: Effects and Characteristics

  • LSD has a half-life of 3-5 hours in humans and is metabolized in the liver

  • LSD causes dilation of the pupils, nausea, increased heart rate, and body temperature

  • Subjective effects of LSD include hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

  • Keener perceptions, acute sight and sound, and impaired problem-solving are effects of LSD

  • Tolerance to LSD develops rapidly and dissipates within a week

  • There are no recorded deaths from LSD overdose, but it can cause acute psychotic reactions and flashbacks

  • MDMA, also known as Ecstasy, was initially synthesized by the Merck drug company and reclassified in 1985 due to neurotoxic effects

  • MDMA is associated with increased sex drive, wakefulness, and euphoria, and it affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

  • MDMA induces a state similar to marijuana or low doses of PCP without hallucinations

  • MDMA is readily self-administered by primates and its use has declined due to perceived risk

  • Withdrawal from MDMA is not seen, but it can cause depletion in serotonin and various harmful effects

  • Salvia is a plant-based psychoactive drug that affects kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors, inducing intense hallucinations and dissociative effects

  • Phencyclidine (PCP) is a synthetic dissociative anesthetic, while ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic used in veterinary medicine

  • PCP is known as crystal, angel dust, and hob, and ketamine is also known as K, Special K, and kitkat

  • Ketamine can be administered orally, inhaled, or injected, and it is slowly absorbed when taken orally.

Psychoactive Drugs: Effects and Characteristics

  • LSD has a half-life of 3-5 hours in humans and is metabolized in the liver

  • LSD causes dilation of the pupils, nausea, increased heart rate, and body temperature

  • Subjective effects of LSD include hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

  • Keener perceptions, acute sight and sound, and impaired problem-solving are effects of LSD

  • Tolerance to LSD develops rapidly and dissipates within a week

  • There are no recorded deaths from LSD overdose, but it can cause acute psychotic reactions and flashbacks

  • MDMA, also known as Ecstasy, was initially synthesized by the Merck drug company and reclassified in 1985 due to neurotoxic effects

  • MDMA is associated with increased sex drive, wakefulness, and euphoria, and it affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

  • MDMA induces a state similar to marijuana or low doses of PCP without hallucinations

  • MDMA is readily self-administered by primates and its use has declined due to perceived risk

  • Withdrawal from MDMA is not seen, but it can cause depletion in serotonin and various harmful effects

  • Salvia is a plant-based psychoactive drug that affects kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors, inducing intense hallucinations and dissociative effects

  • Phencyclidine (PCP) is a synthetic dissociative anesthetic, while ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic used in veterinary medicine

  • PCP is known as crystal, angel dust, and hob, and ketamine is also known as K, Special K, and kitkat

  • Ketamine can be administered orally, inhaled, or injected, and it is slowly absorbed when taken orally.

Psychoactive Drugs: Effects and Characteristics

  • LSD has a half-life of 3-5 hours in humans and is metabolized in the liver

  • LSD causes dilation of the pupils, nausea, increased heart rate, and body temperature

  • Subjective effects of LSD include hallucinogenic, phantasticant, and perpetual effects

  • Keener perceptions, acute sight and sound, and impaired problem-solving are effects of LSD

  • Tolerance to LSD develops rapidly and dissipates within a week

  • There are no recorded deaths from LSD overdose, but it can cause acute psychotic reactions and flashbacks

  • MDMA, also known as Ecstasy, was initially synthesized by the Merck drug company and reclassified in 1985 due to neurotoxic effects

  • MDMA is associated with increased sex drive, wakefulness, and euphoria, and it affects neurotransmitter release and reuptake

  • MDMA induces a state similar to marijuana or low doses of PCP without hallucinations

  • MDMA is readily self-administered by primates and its use has declined due to perceived risk

  • Withdrawal from MDMA is not seen, but it can cause depletion in serotonin and various harmful effects

  • Salvia is a plant-based psychoactive drug that affects kappa-opioid and D2 DA receptors, inducing intense hallucinations and dissociative effects

  • Phencyclidine (PCP) is a synthetic dissociative anesthetic, while ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic used in veterinary medicine

  • PCP is known as crystal, angel dust, and hob, and ketamine is also known as K, Special K, and kitkat

  • Ketamine can be administered orally, inhaled, or injected, and it is slowly absorbed when taken orally.

Test your knowledge of psychoactive drugs and their effects with this quiz. Explore the characteristics, subjective effects, and potential risks associated with LSD, MDMA, Salvia, PCP, and ketamine.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Biopsych Chapter 15
30 questions

Biopsych Chapter 15

BrilliantLobster avatar
BrilliantLobster
KA: drug abuse and drug addiction MCAT
100 questions
Dopamine and Psychoactive Drugs Quiz
30 questions
Hallucinogens and Their Effects Quiz
12 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser