Professional Organization and Discipline Vs Profession

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31 Questions

What is a key responsibility of a nurse in terms of patient care?

Providing holistic care

In the context of nursing, what does the term 'advocator' refer to?

Nurse responsible for defending on behalf of the patient

Which term refers to the nurse's responsibility to help the client regain health through the healing process?


What is the main focus of nursing as a profession within the healthcare sector?

Attaining, maintaining, or recovering optimal health and quality of life

What is one of the key aspects encompassed by the holistic care provided by nurses?

Spiritual needs

What is one role that nurses assume in addition to being caregivers?

Teacher also

What type of authority can nurses have in their practice according to the text?

Varied levels of prescription authority

Which term describes the nurse's responsibility to defend the rights of the patient in general?


'Collaborator' refers to a nurse's role in:

'Assisting other healthcare professionals'

What is the primary focus of nursing as a science?

Diagnosis and treatment of human responses to problems

Which term best describes the art of nursing according to the text?

Human creative skill and imagination

What is a key characteristic of nursing as an art?

Human connection with others

Which practice models are associated with caring in nursing?

6 C’s of Caring

What is a fundamental aspect encompassed by nursing as an art?

Health promotion and maintenance

Which term best defines the 'helping relationship' in nursing?

Therapeutic Communication

What does the text suggest is a key component of nursing that allows patients to fully participate in their recovery process?

Intangible connection

According to Donahue (1985), what is the essence of nursing care?

All of the above

What aspect of nursing does the science of nursing primarily address?

Patient's bodies

Which term best describes the foundation for effective nursing care according to Donahue (1985)?

Sensitive spirit

In what way does the text differentiate between the roles of science and art in nursing?

Science explains a nurse's work, art addresses human connections

How does the text describe the relationship between science and art in nursing?

'Science allows us to care for our patient's bodies, but it's the art of nursing that calls me to the profession and allows each nurse to touch souls'

What is a common theme shared by many definitions of nursing mentioned in the text?

Nursing is client-centered

How does the text define nursing as an art?

Nursing is our ability to connect with others

What characterizes nursing as a science according to the text?

Focusing on optimal health through scientific knowledge and skills

Which aspect of nursing is primarily concerned with human responses to potential problems?

Diagnosis and treatment of responses

What is a key focus of the art of nursing according to the text?

Being client-centered

What aspect of nursing does the art of nursing primarily address?

Human connections and empathetic communication

How can nursing be described according to the text?

Dramatic, inspirational, and comforting like other art forms

According to Donahue (1985), what provides the very foundation for effective nursing care?

Intelligent understanding and sensitive spirit

What allows patients to fully participate in their recovery process according to the text?

Creating an environment of healing through intangible connection

What is the essence of nursing care based on Donahue (1985)?

Creative imagination, sensitive spirit, and intelligent understanding

Study Notes

Criteria of a Profession

  • Specialized education: undergraduate nursing curriculum includes liberal arts education, biologic and social sciences, and nursing discipline
  • Body of Knowledge: nursing establishes a well-defined body of knowledge and expertise, with conceptual frameworks contributing to the knowledge base
  • Service Orientation: nursing is a service-oriented profession, guided by rules, policies, or codes of ethics, with altruism as a hallmark
  • Ongoing Research: nursing research focuses on practice-related issues, with studies on the nature of the knowledge base underlying nursing practice
  • Code of Ethics: nurses are expected to do what is considered right, with codes of ethics to monitor professional behavior
  • Autonomy: self-regulating, setting standards for members, with independence, responsibility, and accountability for actions
  • Professional Organization: governance and maintenance of social, political, and economic arrangements by which practitioners control their practice

Discipline vs Profession

  • Discipline: specific to academia, a branch of education, a department of learning or field of knowledge
  • Profession: specialized field of practice, founded on theoretical structure of science or knowledge and accompanying practice abilities

Socialization to Nursing

  • Process by which people learn to become members of groups and society
  • Involves learning to behave, feel, and see the world in a manner similar to other nursing professionals
  • Goal: instill norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors essential for survival of the profession

Benner's Stages of Nursing Expertise

  • Stage I: Novice - no experience, performance limited and inflexible
  • Stage II: Advanced Beginner - demonstrates marginally acceptable performance
  • Stage III: Competent - demonstrates organizational and planning abilities
  • Stage IV: Proficient - perceives situations as wholes, uses maxims as guides
  • Stage V: Expert - performance is fluid, flexible, and highly proficient

Role of Nurse

  • Caregiver: manages physical needs, prevents illness, and treats health conditions
  • Advocator: defends patients', families', and communities' rights and well-being
  • Communicator: collaborates with patients, families, and healthcare teams
  • Teacher: educates patients, families, and communities on health and wellness

Nursing as an Art or Science

  • Nursing as an Art: creative imagination, human connections, empathetic communication, and compassionate care
  • Nursing as a Science: scientific knowledge and skills in assisting individuals to achieve optimal health

Explore the role of professional organizations like the ANA in advancing nursing practice and promoting the rights of nurses. Learn about the differences between discipline and profession, with a focus on academia and education.

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