Pragmatics in Linguistics
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Pragmatics in Linguistics

Explore the study of pragmatics, which examines how language is used in context to convey meaning. Learn about key concepts such as implicature, presupposition, and inference.

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Questions and Answers

What is the main focus of pragmatics in language study?

The role of context and speaker intention in shaping meaning

What is the term for the implied meaning that goes beyond the literal meaning of words?

Implicature

What is the study of meaning in language, focusing on the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences?

Semantics

What is the term for the process of drawing conclusions based on language and context?

<p>Inference</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the relationships between a word or phrase and the object or concept it refers to?

<p>Reference</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main difference between pragmatics and semantics?

<p>Pragmatics focuses on context, while semantics focuses on language in isolation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the actions performed by speakers when they use language, such as making a promise or giving an order?

<p>Speech acts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the idea that the meaning of a sentence or phrase is derived from the meaning of its individual parts?

<p>Compositionality</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Pragmatics and Semantics

Pragmatics

  • Study of how language is used in context to convey meaning
  • Focuses on the role of the speaker, listener, and situation in shaping meaning
  • Examines how speakers and listeners use language to achieve their goals and negotiate meaning
  • Key concepts:
    • Implicature: the implied meaning that goes beyond the literal meaning of words
    • Presupposition: the background knowledge or assumptions that speakers and listeners bring to a conversation
    • Inference: the process of drawing conclusions based on language and context
    • Speech acts: the actions performed by speakers when they use language, such as making a promise or giving an order

Semantics

  • Study of meaning in language, focusing on the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences
  • Examines the relationships between words, concepts, and objects in the world
  • Key concepts:
    • Sense: the meaning of a word or phrase in a particular context
    • Reference: the relationship between a word or phrase and the object or concept it refers to
    • Compositionality: the idea that the meaning of a sentence or phrase is derived from the meaning of its individual parts
    • Truth conditions: the conditions under which a sentence or statement is true or false

Key differences between Pragmatics and Semantics

  • Pragmatics focuses on the role of context and speaker intention in shaping meaning, while semantics focuses on the meaning of language in isolation from context
  • Pragmatics examines how language is used to achieve goals and negotiate meaning, while semantics examines the meaning of language as a system
  • Pragmatics is more concerned with the speaker's and listener's knowledge and intentions, while semantics is more concerned with the relationships between words and concepts

Pragmatics

  • Examines how language is used in context to convey meaning, focusing on the role of speaker, listener, and situation in shaping meaning
  • Goals of pragmatics include understanding how speakers and listeners use language to achieve their goals and negotiate meaning
  • Key concepts in pragmatics:
    • Implicature: implied meaning that goes beyond the literal meaning of words
    • Presupposition: background knowledge or assumptions that speakers and listeners bring to a conversation
    • Inference: process of drawing conclusions based on language and context
    • Speech acts: actions performed by speakers when they use language, such as making a promise or giving an order

Semantics

  • Examines the meaning of language, focusing on the meaning of words, phrases, and sentences
  • Goals of semantics include understanding the relationships between words, concepts, and objects in the world
  • Key concepts in semantics:
    • Sense: meaning of a word or phrase in a particular context
    • Reference: relationship between a word or phrase and the object or concept it refers to
    • Compositionality: idea that the meaning of a sentence or phrase is derived from the meaning of its individual parts
    • Truth conditions: conditions under which a sentence or statement is true or false

Key differences between Pragmatics and Semantics

  • Pragmatics focuses on context and speaker intention, while semantics focuses on language in isolation from context
  • Pragmatics examines language use to achieve goals and negotiate meaning, while semantics examines language as a system
  • Pragmatics prioritizes speaker and listener knowledge and intentions, while semantics prioritizes relationships between words and concepts

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