Physiology and Biochemistry in Veterinary Medicine

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10 Questions

What is the primary focus of Physiology?

Studying normal functions of the body

According to Hippocrates, what theory did he coin regarding bodily fluids?

Theory of the four humours

Which aspect of veterinary medicine involves the control of diseases and illnesses?

Public Health and Preventive Medicine

Why is Physiology considered the foundation of medicine?

As it studies normal body functions and responses

In what order are the departments typically organized in Veterinary Medicine?

Clinical Department, Paraclinical Sciences, Surgery

What aspect of the organism does physiology focus on?

System functions

Which field is concerned with the molecular basis of functions during optimal conditions and abnormalities?

Veterinary biochemistry

Which of the following is an integral part of biochemistry studies?


Which branch of biochemistry is primarily focused on the structure, function, and regulation of genes?

Molecular Biology

Why is knowledge of biochemistry considered essential for Biotechnology?

To appreciate a multidisciplinary subject

Study Notes

Course Organization

  • Veterinary Medicine and Medicine are organized systematically, starting with normal knowledge, then abnormalities, treatment, and control/interventions
  • The organization consists of Preclinicals, Paraclinical Sciences, Clinical Department (Medicine, Surgery, and Theriogenology), and Public Health and Preventive Medicine (control)

Veterinary Physiology

  • The study of normal functions of the body and how animals respond to environmental changes
  • Involves mechanisms and strategies employed by animals to ensure survival and continuity of life
  • Deals with the functions and activities of life or of living matter (organs, tissues, or cells) and physical and chemical phenomena involved
  • Historical perspective: believed to be the basis and father of medicine, with roots dating back to Hippocrates in 420 BC
  • Involves understanding of systems, including Blood, Lymphatics, Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Endocrine, Reproduction, Neurophysiology, Neuroscience, Renal Physiology, Environmental Physiology, and Comparative Physiology of exotic species
  • Takes a holistic look at the organism functionally, integrating systems to give a complete outlook of the entire organism

Veterinary Biochemistry

  • Studies the molecular basis of functions when they are optimal or during abnormalities
  • A fundamental biological and medical science that provides understanding of cell biology, microbiology, nutrition, pharmacology, and physiology at the molecular level
  • Focuses on molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissues, and whole animals
  • Important for understanding nucleic acid biochemistry (basis of genetics), physiology, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, and nutrition
  • Essential for Biotechnology, Clinical Biochemistry, and understanding disease processes and pathology

Learn about the important foundations of veterinary medicine with a focus on physiology and biochemistry. Understand how knowledge of normal conditions leads to identifying abnormalities, treatments, and interventions in the field. Explore how veterinary medicine is organized into preclinical, paraclinical, and clinical departments.

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