## Podcast Beta

## Questions and Answers

What is the formula for distance?

d = vt

What is the formula for final velocity with acceleration?

Vf = V₀ + at

What is the formula for the final velocity in relation to acceleration and displacement?

Vf² = V₀² + 2a∆x

What is the formula for displacement with initial velocity and acceleration?

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What are the formulas for centripetal motion?

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What is the Law of Gravitation?

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What is Newton's second law?

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What is the formula for kinetic friction?

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What is the formula for static friction?

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What is the formula for torque?

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What is Hooke's law?

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What is the formula for kinetic energy?

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What is the formula for gravitational potential energy?

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What is the formula for spring potential energy?

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What is the formula for power?

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What is the formula for work?

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What is the formula for momentum?

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What is the conservation of momentum equation?

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What is Ohm's law?

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What is the formula for current?

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What is the formula for capacitors in series?

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What is the formula for capacitors in parallel?

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What is the formula for resistors in series?

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What is the formula for resistors in parallel?

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What is the formula for electrostatic force?

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What is the formula for electric field?

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What is the formula for capacitance?

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What is the formula for energy stored by a capacitor?

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What is the formula for electric field due to point charge?

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What is the formula for electrical potential?

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What is the formula for magnetic force around a wire?

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What is the formula for magnetic force?

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What is the formula for electrical potential of a point charge?

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What is the formula for magnetic field at the center of a wire loop?

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What is the formula for density?

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What is the formula for pressure?

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What is the formula for specific gravity?

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What is the formula for osmotic pressure?

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What is the formula for buoyant force?

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What is the formula for total pressure of fluid?

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What is the continuity equation?

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What is the formula for thermal expansion?

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What is Graham's law of effusion?

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What is the formula for fluid gauge pressure?

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What is Bernoulli's equation?

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What is the formula for heat energy?

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What is the formula for latent heat?

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What is the first law of thermodynamics?

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What is the internal energy of an ideal gas?

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What is Gibbs free energy?

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What is the equilibrium Gibbs energy?

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What is the relationship between wave frequency and period?

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What is the formula for spring angular frequency?

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What is the formula for wave speed?

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What is the formula for pendulum angular frequency?

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What is the formula for the Doppler effect?

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What is the formula for the index of refraction?

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What is the formula for magnification?

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What is the formula for total internal reflection?

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## Study Notes

### Motion Formulas

- Distance formula: ( d = vt )
- Velocity-Acceleration-Time relation: ( V_f = V_0 + at )
- Velocity, Acceleration, Displacement: ( V_f^2 = V_0^2 + 2a\Delta x )
- Displacement with acceleration: ( \Delta x = V_0t + \frac{1}{2}at^2 )

### Force and Energy

- Centripetal acceleration and force: ( A_c = \frac{V^2}{r} ), ( F_c = \frac{mv^2}{r} )
- Law of Gravitation: ( F = \frac{GM_1M_2}{r^2} )
- Newton's Second Law: ( F_{net} = ma )
- Kinetic Friction: ( F_k = \mu_k F_n )
- Static Friction: ( F_s \leq \mu_s F_n )

### Torque and Springs

- Torque: ( \tau = F \times r ) or ( \tau = Fl\sin\theta )
- Hooke's Law for springs: ( F = -Kx )

### Energy Formulas

- Kinetic Energy: ( KE = \frac{1}{2}mv^2 )
- Gravitational Potential Energy: ( PE = mgh )
- Spring Potential Energy: ( PE = \frac{1}{2}Kx^2 )
- Power: ( P = \frac{W}{t} )
- Work: ( W = Fd\cos\theta )

### Momentum

- Momentum: ( p = mv )
- Conservation of Momentum: ( m_1v_1 + m_2v_2 = m_1v_1' + m_2v_2' )

### Electrical Concepts

- Ohm's Law: ( P = IV ), ( V = IR )
- Current: ( I = \frac{\Delta q}{\Delta t} )
- Capacitors in series: ( \frac{1}{C_s} = \frac{1}{C_1} + \frac{1}{C_2} + \ldots )
- Capacitors in parallel: ( C_p = C_1 + C_2 + \ldots )
- Resistors in series: ( R_s = R_1 + R_2 + \ldots )
- Resistors in parallel: ( \frac{1}{R_p} = \frac{1}{R_1} + \frac{1}{R_2} + \ldots )

### Electric and Magnetic Forces

- Electrostatic Force: ( F = \frac{Kq_1q_2}{r^2} )
- Electric Field: ( E = \frac{R}{q_0} )
- Capacitance: ( q = VC )
- Energy Stored by Capacitor: ( U = \frac{1}{2}CV^2 )
- Magnetic Force: ( F = qvB\sin\theta )

### Density and Pressure

- Density: ( p = \frac{m}{V} )
- Pressure: ( P = \frac{F}{A} )
- Specific Gravity: ( s.g = \frac{p_{sub}}{p_{water}} )
- Buoyant Force: ( F_b = pVg )

### Fluid Dynamics

- Total Pressure: ( P_{tot} = P_{atm} + P_{gauge} )
- Continuity Equation: ( A_1V_1 = A_2V_2 )
- Bernoulli's Equation: ( P + \frac{1}{2}pv^2 + pgh = \text{constant} )
- Fluid Gauge Pressure: ( P_{fluid} = pgh )

### Thermodynamics

- Heat Energy: ( \Delta Q = mc\Delta T )
- Latent Heat: ( \Delta Q = mL )
- First Law of Thermodynamics: ( \Delta U = Q - W )
- Internal Energy of Ideal Gas: ( U = \frac{3}{2}nRT )

### Chemical Thermodynamics

- Gibbs Free Energy: ( \Delta G = \Delta H - T\Delta S )
- Equilibrium Gibbs Energy: ( \Delta G^\circ = -RT\ln K_{eq} )

### Waves and Oscillations

- Frequency and Period: ( f = \frac{1}{T} )
- Wave Speed: ( v = f\lambda )
- Angular Frequency for springs: ( \omega = 2\pi f = \sqrt{\frac{K}{m}} )
- Angular Frequency for pendulums: ( \omega = 2\pi f = \sqrt{\frac{g}{L}} )

### Optics

- Doppler Effect: ( f' = f \left( \frac{v \pm V_d}{v \pm V_s} \right) )
- Index of Refraction: ( n = \frac{c}{v} )
- Magnification: ( m = -\frac{i}{o} )
- Total Internal Reflection Critical Angle: ( \sin\theta_{crit} = \frac{n_2}{n_1} )

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## Description

Test your knowledge of fundamental physics concepts including motion formulas, force, energy, and momentum. This quiz covers essential equations and principles that form the basis of classical mechanics. Challenge yourself to apply these formulas and deepen your understanding of physical interactions!