Philippine Independence Day 1946

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Who took the oath as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines?

Manuel Roxas

When did President Sergio Osmeña formally leave office?

May 28, 1946

Where did President Manuel Roxas take his oath as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines?

In a temporary structure in front of the ruins of the Legislative Building

What did President Manuel Roxas refer to as 'our appointment with destiny'?

Becoming a free Republic

According to President Manuel L. Quezon, what was 'a constant reminder to every president'?

Climbing the stairs of the Palace

On what date did the United States of America formally recognize the independence of the Philippines?

July 4, 1946

Who re-took his oath as the first President of the Republic of the Philippines during its independence?

Manuel Roxas

What was the reason for moving the date of Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12?

To align with the founding date of the nation

Which law or act led to the Philippines becoming the Republic of the Philippines—the Third Republic?

Tydings-McDuffie Law

In which place was Philippine independence from Spain proclaimed in Emilio Aguinaldo’s home?

Cavite

Who took his oath as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines?

Manuel Roxas

When was the formal act of leaving office for the incumbent president?

May 28, 1946

What was the reason for moving the date of Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12?

To commemorate a significant event in Philippine history

Who referred to 'our appointment with destiny' in relation to Philippine independence?

Manuel Roxas

When did President Manuel Roxas deliver his first inaugural address as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines?

July 4, 1946

What event marked the official recognition of the Philippines' independence by the United States?

The lowering of the American flag at the Independence Grandstand

Why did President Diosdado Macapagal move the date of Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12?

To align with the restoration of independence

What was the primary reason for eliminating the pledge of allegiance to the United States during the inauguration of Manuel Roxas as President?

To assert complete sovereignty over the country

What did the rain on the day of independence symbolize, according to the 'Blue Book of the First Year of the Republic'?

Tears of joy and gratitude

What led to President Diosdado Macapagal's decision to move the date of Philippine independence?

The rejection of the proposed war reparation bill by the U.S. House of Representatives

Study Notes

Philippine Independence and Presidents

  • Manuel Roxas took the oath as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • President Sergio Osmeña formally left office on May 28, 1946.
  • Manuel Roxas took his oath as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines at the Independence Grandstand in Manila.
  • Roxas referred to the achieving of independence as 'our appointment with destiny'.
  • According to Manuel Quezon, the Malacañang Palace was 'a constant reminder to every president'.

Independence Recognition

  • The United States of America formally recognized the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.
  • Manuel Roxas re-took his oath as the first President of the Republic of the Philippines during its independence.

Independence Declaration

  • Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite.
  • The date of Philippine independence was moved from July 4 to June 12 because it was the date of Emilio Aguinaldo's declaration of independence from Spain in 1898.

Republic of the Philippines

  • The Philippine Independence Act led to the Philippines becoming the Republic of the Philippines—the Third Republic.

Inauguration and Symbolism

  • President Manuel Roxas delivered his first inaugural address as the third president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on May 28, 1946.
  • The formal recognition of the Philippines' independence by the United States was marked by the inauguration of Manuel Roxas.
  • The primary reason for eliminating the pledge of allegiance to the United States during the inauguration of Manuel Roxas was to assert independence.
  • The rain on the day of independence symbolized tears of joy, according to the 'Blue Book of the First Year of the Republic'.
  • President Diosdado Macapagal moved the date of Philippine independence from July 4 to June 12 to give significance to the country's own struggle for independence, rather than its independence from the United States.

Test your knowledge about the historic event of the Philippines gaining independence from the United States on May 28, 1946, and the transition of power from President Sergio Osmeña to President Manuel Roxas. Explore the significant moments and the leaders involved in this milestone in Philippine history.

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