Pharmacology: Drug Classes and Indications
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Pharmacology: Drug Classes and Indications

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Questions and Answers

What is the indication of Paracetamol?

Relief of mild to moderate pain and fever

What is the drug class of Perindopril?

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor

What is the indication of Peppermint Oil / Concentrated Peppermint Water?

Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

What is the drug class of Pethidine Hydrochloride?

<p>Opioid Analgesic</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Phenelzine Sulphate?

<p>Treatment of major depressive disorder</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the drug class of Pentobarbitone Sodium?

<p>Barbiturate</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Nortriptyline Hydrochloride?

<p>Treatment of major depression and chronic neuropathic pain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Oestradiol Benzoate?

<p>Hormone replacement therapy, treatment of menopausal symptoms, and certain hormone-responsive cancers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Nystatin?

<p>Treatment of fungal infections, particularly Candida infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Opium Tincture?

<p>Treatment of severe diarrhea and moderate to severe pain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Olanzapine?

<p>Treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Oxytetracycline?

<p>Treatment of various bacterial infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Pancreatin?

<p>Treatment of pancreatic insufficiency and conditions involving reduced digestion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the indication of Oxytocin Injection?

<p>Induction or augmentation of labor, control of postpartum hemorrhage, and induction of abortion</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Tricyclic Antidepressants

  • Nortriptyline Hydrochloride: treats major depression and chronic neuropathic pain.

Homeopathic Remedies

  • Nux Vomica Liquid Extract / Nux Vomica Tincture: treats digestive disorders, indigestion, bloating, constipation, anxiety, and stress.

Antifungals

  • Nystatin: treats fungal infections, particularly Candida infections of the skin, mouth, and gastrointestinal tract.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

  • Oestradiol Benzoate: used for hormone replacement therapy, menopausal symptoms, and certain hormone-responsive cancers.

Antipsychotics

  • Olanzapine: treats schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Opioid Analgesics

  • Opium Tincture / Camphorated Opium Tincture (Paregoric): treats severe diarrhea and moderate to severe pain.
  • Powdered Opium: treats severe pain and diarrhea.

Anticholinergics/Antimuscarinics

  • Oxybutynin: treats overactive bladder, frequent or urgent urination, and incontinence.

Antibiotics

  • Oxytetracycline: treats various bacterial infections, including respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and sexually transmitted infections.

Oxytocic Agents

  • Oxytocin Injection: induces or augments labor, controls postpartum hemorrhage, and induces abortion.

Digestive Enzyme Supplements

  • Pancreatin: treats pancreatic insufficiency, cystic fibrosis, pancreatitis, and post-pancreatic surgery.

Analgesics/Antipyretics

  • Paracetamol (Acetaminophen): relieves mild to moderate pain and fever.

Laxatives/Emollients

  • Liquid Paraffin: treats constipation and soothes/hydrates the skin.

Antiprotozoal Agents

  • Pentamidine Isethionate: treats Trypanosomiasis, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP), and leishmaniasis.

Barbiturates

  • Pentobarbitone Sodium (Pentobarbital Sodium): sedates, induces preoperative anesthesia, treats insomnia, and controls acute convulsive episodes.

Antispasmodics/Carminatives

  • Peppermint Oil / Concentrated Peppermint Water: treats irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), relieves digestive symptoms like bloating, gas, and indigestion.

ACE Inhibitors

  • Perindopril: treats hypertension, heart failure, and reduces cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Typical Antipsychotics

  • Perphenazine: treats schizophrenia and severe nausea and vomiting.

Opioid Analgesics

  • Pethidine Hydrochloride (Meperidine): relieves moderate to severe pain, including during labor.

MAOIs

  • Phenelzine Sulphate: treats major depressive disorder, particularly atypical and treatment-resistant depression.

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