Pediatric Skin Conditions

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6 Questions

What is the most common pediatric skin condition?

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

What is the main cause of Acne in pre-teens and teens?

Hormonal changes

What is the typical appearance of Infantile Hemangiomas?

Red, raised, or flat patches

What is the main characteristic of Molluscum Contagiosum?

Small, flesh-colored bumps

What is the typical treatment for Impetigo?

Topical antibiotics

What is the main characteristic of Congenital Melanocytic Nevi?

Benign moles present at birth

Study Notes

Common Pediatric Skin Conditions

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

  • Chronic inflammatory skin condition
  • Most common pediatric skin condition
  • Characterized by dry, itchy, scaly skin
  • Triggers: allergens, irritants, temperature changes, and stress
  • Treatment: topical corticosteroids, moisturizers, and avoidance of triggers


  • Most common in pre-teens and teens
  • Caused by hormonal changes, clogged pores, and bacterial infection
  • Treatment: topical retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and oral antibiotics (if severe)

Molluscum Contagiosum

  • Viral infection causing skin lesions
  • Highly contagious
  • Characterized by small, flesh-colored bumps
  • Treatment: watchful waiting, topical treatments, or removal by a doctor

Infantile Hemangiomas

  • Benign growths of blood vessels
  • Appear as red, raised, or flat patches
  • Most common in infants
  • Treatment: observation, topical or oral steroids, or laser therapy

Pediatric Skin Infections


  • Bacterial infection causing skin lesions
  • Characterized by red, itchy, and oozing sores
  • Treatment: topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics (if severe)


  • Bacterial infection of skin and underlying tissue
  • Characterized by red, swollen, and warm skin
  • Treatment: oral antibiotics

Pediatric Skin Lesions

Congenital Melanocytic Nevi

  • Benign moles present at birth
  • Increased risk of melanoma
  • Treatment: monitoring, excision (if necessary)

Salmon Patches

  • Benign, flat, pink patches on the face and neck
  • Common in newborns
  • Usually fade with time

Cafe-au-Lait Spots

  • Benign, light brown patches on the skin
  • Common in children
  • May be associated with genetic disorders (e.g., neurofibromatosis)

Developmental Skin Conditions

Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum

  • Benign, common rash in newborns
  • Characterized by red, blotchy patches
  • Treatment: none needed


  • Small, white bumps on the nose and face
  • Caused by trapped keratin protein
  • Treatment: none needed

Neonatal Acne

  • Benign, common acne in newborns
  • Caused by maternal hormones
  • Treatment: none needed

Test your knowledge of common pediatric skin conditions, including their causes, symptoms, and treatments. This quiz covers atopic dermatitis, acne, molluscum contagiosum, and more.

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