Common Pediatric Skin Conditions
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Common Pediatric Skin Conditions

Created by
@EnthralledCuboFuturism

Questions and Answers

What is the characteristic of eczema?

Chronic inflammatory condition

What is the treatment option for acne?

Topical retinoids and oral antibiotics

What is a characteristic of port wine stains?

Purple, pink, or red marks

What is a diagnostic technique for fungal infections?

<p>Wood's lamp examination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the treatment option for eczema?

<p>Topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is molluscum contagiosum?

<p>Viral rash often on the face, arms, and legs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of keratosis pilaris?

<p>Dry, rough skin often on arms and legs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a type of pigmented birthmark?

<p>Cafe-au-lait spots</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is impetigo?

<p>Contagious, crusty, itchy rash</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the treatment option for birthmarks?

<p>Laser therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Common Pediatric Skin Conditions

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

  • Chronic inflammatory condition
  • Characteristics: dry, scaly, itchy skin
  • Triggers: genetics, environmental factors, allergies
  • Treatment: moisturizers, topical corticosteroids, oral antihistamines

Acne

  • Inflammatory condition caused by clogged pores
  • Characteristics: blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, cysts
  • Treatment: topical retinoids, antibiotics, oral isotretinoin (for severe cases)

Birthmarks

  • Vascular Birthmarks
    • Port wine stains: purple, pink, or red marks
    • Hemangiomas: benign growths, often appear at birth or in infancy
  • Pigmented Birthmarks
    • Cafe-au-lait spots: light brown, coffee-colored marks
    • Mongolian spots: blue-gray marks, often on lower back or buttocks

Infections

  • Bacterial Infections
    • Impetigo: contagious, crusty, itchy rash
    • Cellulitis: bacterial infection of skin and underlying tissue
  • Viral Infections
    • Molluscum contagiosum: viral rash, often on face, arms, and legs
    • Warts: viral infection, often on hands or feet

Other Conditions

  • Keratosis Pilaris: dry, rough skin, often on arms and legs
  • Milia: small, white bumps on nose, chin, or cheeks
  • Pityriasis Alba: mild, patchy skin condition, often on face

Diagnostic Techniques

  • Physical examination
  • Skin scraping or biopsy
  • Wood's lamp examination (for fungal infections)
  • Patch testing (for allergies)

Treatment Options

  • Topical corticosteroids
  • Topical antibiotics
  • Moisturizers
  • Oral antihistamines
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Phototherapy (for eczema, psoriasis)
  • Laser therapy (for birthmarks, scars)

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Description

Identify and understand common pediatric skin conditions, including eczema, acne, birthmarks, infections, and other skin conditions. Learn about their characteristics, triggers, and treatment options. Test your knowledge of diagnostic techniques and treatments.

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