Panchayat Raj System Quiz
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Panchayat Raj System Quiz

Test your knowledge of the Panchayat raj system with this quiz. Explore the history, functions, and significance of this traditional form of local government in the Indian subcontinent.

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@IntuitiveInfinity

Questions and Answers

What is the meaning of the word 'panchayat'?

The word 'panchayat' means 'assembly' (ayat) of five (panch)

What is the historical significance of Panchayat raj in the Indian subcontinent?

It is one of the oldest systems of local government in the Indian subcontinent, with historical mentions dating to around 250 CE.

Who were traditionally chosen to be part of the Panchayats?

Wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the local community.

What were the varying forms of Panchayats in the Indian subcontinent?

<p>There were varying forms of such assemblies, with the leader often called the president mukhiya, sarpanch, or pradhan, in an elected or generally acknowledged position.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the distinction between the modern Panchayati Raj of India and the traditional system?

<p>The modern Panchayati Raj of India and its gram panchayats are neither to be confused with the traditional system nor with the extra-constitutional khap panchayats (or caste panchayats) found in parts of northern India.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Panchayat Raj System

  • Originated from the Indian subcontinent, mainly found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.
  • One of the oldest systems of local government in the Indian subcontinent, with historical mentions dating back to around 250 CE.
  • The term "Panchayat Raj" is derived from the words "raj" meaning "rule" and "panchayat" meaning "assembly" of five.

Traditional Panchayat System

  • Consisted of wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the local community.
  • Assemblies settled disputes between both individuals and villages.
  • Leader of the Panchayat was often called the president, mukhiya, sarpanch, or pradhan, an elected or generally acknowledged position.

Modern Panchayati Raj of India

  • Distinct from the traditional system and the extra-constitutional khap panchayats (or caste panchayats) found in parts of northern India.
  • Mahatma Gandhi advocated for Panchayat Raj as a system of governance.

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