Organic Chemistry: Alkyl and Aryl Halides

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Which organic compound is used for the treatment of typhoid fever?

Chloramphenicol

What is the difference between alkyl halide and aryl halide?

Aryl halides contain halogen atoms attached to sp² hybridized carbon atoms of an aryl group, while alkyl halides contain halogen atoms attached to sp³ hybridized carbon atoms of an alkyl group.

What causes a disease called goiter?

Deficiency of iodine-containing hormone, thyroxine

What is the key characteristic that distinguishes haloalkanes from haloarenes?

The type of carbon atom to which the halogen is attached

What are the common uses of organohalogen compounds?

Solvents for relatively non-polar compounds and starting materials for the synthesis of organic compounds

Study Notes

Which organic compound is used for the treatment of typhoid fever? What is the difference between alkyl halide and aryl halide? What causes a disease called goiter? What is the key characteristic that distinguishes haloalkanes from haloarenes? What are the common uses of organohalogen compounds?

Test your knowledge on the substitution of hydrogen atoms in hydrocarbons by halogen to form alkyl halides and aryl halides, and learn about their occurrence in nature and clinical applications.

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