Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

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Which of the following is the essential feature of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

Persistent pattern of negativistic behavior and noncompliance with rules/authority figures

According to the diagnostic criteria, how long should the pattern of behavior in ODD last?

6 months

What is the minimum number of behaviors that should be present in ODD to meet the diagnostic criteria?

4 behaviors

Which of the following is an important factor to consider when assessing ODD?

To understand if the behaviors are age-appropriate

Which behavior is associated with the 'Angry/Irritable Mood' component of ODD?

Is often touchy or easily annoyed by others

Which behavior is associated with the 'Argumentative/Defiant/Vindictive' component of ODD?

Often blames others for own mistakes or misbehaviors

Which of the following is NOT a part of the ODD criteria for 'Argumentative/Defiant/Vindictive' behaviors?

Often seeks adult approval

What is the estimated range of children affected by Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

2-16%

Which gender is more commonly affected by ODD, and what is the male-to-female ratio?

Boys are more commonly affected with a 2:1 ratio.

According to Ohan and Johnson (2005), how do boys and girls with ODD tend to differ in their behaviors?

Boys are more likely to ignore requests, while girls engage in active defiance.

At what age is ODD usually evident, and how does it onset?

Evident by age 8, with a gradual onset

According to the information, how does the duration of ODD relate to the likelihood of developing other problems?

The longer the disorder continues, the greater the likelihood of developing other problems such as ADHD, mood disorders, and substance abuse.

According to Vassallo et al. (2002), which parenting practices are associated with ODD?

Less monitoring and supervision, harsher discipline, and less warmth

In the Coercive Processes Model proposed by Patterson (1982), what characterizes the parent-child interaction in ODD?

Reciprocal and progressive escalation where parents aren’t responding in the most helpful way to stop the behavior leading to conflict and coercion

Which of the following is a social risk factor associated with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

Association with conduct-disordered peers

How does peer rejection relate to Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

Peer rejection is a risk factor for ODD

What is the impact of poor social skills on Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

Poor social skills increase the risk of ODD

According to Rhee & Waldman (2002), what do twin and adoption studies suggest about the influence of genetics on ODD?

c. Twin and adoption studies support a genetic influence on ODD.

According to McBurnett et al. (1999), which biological factor is associated with Conduct Disorder and aggression?

b. Low cortisol levels

What does the research by Goozen et al. (2007) reveal about the biological aspect of CD (Conduct Disorder)?

c. Decreased frontal lobe activity in CD

Which temperamental characteristics are associated with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as mentioned in the information?

Negativity, emotional volatility, and low persistence

What biological factor is associated with low physiological arousal in individuals with ODD, as mentioned in the information?

Lower heart rate and skin conductance

What is the impact of elevated testosterone levels on Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as mentioned in the information?

Elevated testosterone levels are associated with a higher risk of ODD.

Which of the following is NOT a common risk factor associated with both CD and ODD in children and adolescents?

Low level of extracurricular activities reducing cognitive drive STD's

Children and adolescents with CD and ODD are NOT at greater risk for which of the following?

Reduces social activity

What are the risks for stable aggression from preschool to adolescence, as mentioned?

Having a teenage mother and low maternal education

What is the primary focus of the majority of intervention programs for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)?

Targeting parenting strategies and skills

What is a common criticism of intervention programs for ODD?

High attrition rates can bias the results of these programs

According to the Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) approach, what is the root cause of ODD behaviors?

ODD behaviors result from the compatibility between child and parent characteristics.

What needs to be addressed to help children with ODD develop better behavior, according to the CPS approach?

Child's emotion regulation, frustration tolerance, and problem-solving flexibility

What are the primary steps involved in the Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) approach?

Increasing parental awareness and will, introducing collaborative problem-solving, and removing unmet expectations.

Which of the following is a characteristic of Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) approach?

It yields superior results compared to traditional parent training approaches.

What is the primary focus of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) as an intervention approach for Conduct Disorder?

It is a manualized program with cognitive-behavioral methods and high ecological validity.

What is the primary focus of the Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) parent training programs in addressing Conduct Disorder?

Assisting parents in developing contingency plans and improving problem-solving and negotiation skills.

Which of the following is a common characteristic seen in children with Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

b. Stubbornness, low frustration tolerance, and emotional reactivity

How does the behavior in Conduct Disorder (CD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) differ from that in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

b. CD and ODD involve intentional, directed, and deliberate behavior, while ADHD involves impulsive, disorganized, and careless behavior.

How does the nature of aggression in Conduct Disorder (CD) differ from that in Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and ADHD?

b. Aggression in CD is typically physical and more severe than in ODD or ADHD.

Which of the following best describes juvenile delinquency in the context of the justice system?

d. It refers to a child who has broken a law but is not synonymous with CD.

What is the key difference between Conduct Disorder (CD) and juvenile delinquency in the context of the justice system?

d. CD always involves multiple offenses, whereas juvenile delinquency could be just one offense.

Test your knowledge on Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) with this quiz. Learn about the essential feature of ODD and identify the persistent pattern of behavior associated with the disorder. Find out if you can correctly identify the key characteristic of ODD in this informative quiz.

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