KIN 275 Term Test 1

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38 Questions

What are the six classes of nutrients?

Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, fats, water

What does the acronym AMDRs stand for?

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges

Which method for dietary assessment involves asking individuals to recall all the food and drink they have consumed in the past 24 hours?

24-hour food recall

What is the main function of gastrin in the digestive system?

Stimulating the secretion of gastric acid in the stomach

Which organ is responsible for the production of bile to aid in fat digestion?

Liver

What is a nutrient of concern related to reducing sugar consumption among Canadians?

Free/added sugars

What is the purpose of the ABCD’s nutritional assessment?

To assess different aspects of an individual's nutritional status

Which method provides information about an individual's habitual intake of foods and beverages over a specified period?

Food records

What is the role of the large intestine in the digestive system?

Contains bacterial flora and is involved in nutrient absorption

What is the purpose of the refining process for carbohydrates?

To remove impurities and increase shelf life

Which class of nutrients includes both free/added sugars and nonnutritive sweeteners?

Carbohydrates

What is the purpose of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)?

To establish nutrient intake standards for different age groups and genders

What is the primary function of the large intestine?

Fermentation of undigested food

What is the purpose of dietary analyses?

To evaluate the nutritional content of foods consumed

What is the general function of nutrients?

To provide energy for bodily functions

Which organ plays a key role in the regulation of accessory organs in the digestive system?

Liver

What are the steps involved in food disassembly in the gastrointestinal tract?

Enzymatic hydrolysis and mechanical breakdown

1 small bag of chips contains 3g protein, 21g carbohydrate, 14g fat. How many kcal would this bag yield?

222

1 slice of bread with 1 tbsp of peanut butter contains 16g carbohydrate, 7g protein, 9g fat. What % energy is from fat?

47

Why were the nutrition recommendations developed?

To optimize health

What is the purpose of the DRIs?

They are a set of energy and nutrient intake recommendations

Which one of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) represent sufficient intakes to meet the nutrient needs of 97% of healthy people?

Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs)

Max, aged 20 years, has an average intake of Vitamin C of 100 mg/day. The EAR for Vitamin C for males aged 19-30 years is 75 mg/day. The RDA for males aged 19-30 years is 90 mg/day. The UL is 2000 mg/day. How would you assess the adequacy of Max’s average Vit C intake?

Above RDA so it is adequte or quite a lot i think.

GI tract & accessory organs work together in 6 steps what are they?

Ingestion, Propulsion, Mechanical Breakdown, Chemical Breakdown, Absorption, Elimination

Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals.

True

What are the 3 ways to classify nutrients?

Amount that you need Function Essesntial vs. Non-essential

Why would someone get a dietary assessment?

To determine potential nutrient and vitamin deficiencies.

Body Mass index is calculated how?

Body mass index (BMI) is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters.

What are the layers of the GI tract?

Plica Mucosa Submucosa Muscularis External Serosa

What are the functions of the oral cavity in digestion?

Sensory Analysis Mechanical Processing Lubrication Limited Digestion

What is mastication?

Chewing of food.

What is peristalsis?

Alternate waves of contractions/relaxation that moves food from one organ to another.

What are the 4 functions of the stomach?

Storage Mechanical Breakdown Chemical Breakdown Production of Intrinsic Factor

What are the 4 regions of the stomach?

Cardia Fundus Pylorus Body

Ingested foods combine with substances from your stomach to become what?

Chyme

Match together the different enzymes and what they help digest.

Pepsin = Protein Lingual Lipase = Lipids Salivary Amylase = Carbohydrates 1 = 1

The 2019 Canada Food guide was mainly about consuming more plant foods and reducing processed food intake.

True

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health.

True

Test your knowledge of nutrition and health with topics covering the six classes of nutrients, dietary standards, health promotion, Canadian food labeling, and nutritional assessment. This quiz encompasses key concepts from Modules 1 and 2 of a nutrition course.

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