Nursing Management of Anemia: Functions and Classification
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Nursing Management of Anemia: Functions and Classification

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Questions and Answers

Which condition is characterized by a lower than normal hemoglobin concentration and diminished oxygen delivery to tissues?

Hypo proliferative anemia

What is the cause of hemolytic anemia known as Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency?

Inherited enzyme deficiency

Which condition results in the premature destruction of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin into the plasma?

Sickle cell anemia

What is the effect of massive destruction of erythrocytes in hemolytic anemia?

<p>Jaundice due to elevated bilirubin concentration</p> Signup and view all the answers

What follows destruction of erythrocytes in hemolytic anemia due to hypoxia stimulation?

<p>Increased reticulocyte count</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of these is a cause of non-antibody-related acquired hemolytic anemia?

<p>Infection</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common symptom of anemia?

<p>Pale skin</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common type of anemia?

<p>Iron deficiency anemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic sign of severe anemia?

<p>Sore tongue</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which assessment finding indicates the presence of anemia?

<p>Mean corpuscular volume (MCV): 98 CU</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which medical management approach is commonly used to address anemia?

<p>Blood transfusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a possible complication of untreated anemia?

<p>Congestive heart failure</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the best evaluation for diagnosing blood diseases?

<p>Bone marrow biopsy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What substance is important for healthy red blood cells and optimal nerve and brain function?

<p>Vitamin B-12</p> Signup and view all the answers

What finding is associated with iron deficiency anemia?

<p>Brittle and ridged nails</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is considered the most effective oral preparation for treating iron deficiency anemia?

<p>Ferrous sulfate with food</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Anemia

  • Characterized by a lower than normal hemoglobin concentration and diminished oxygen delivery to tissues.

Hemolytic Anemia

  • Results in premature destruction of red blood cells and release of hemoglobin into the plasma.
  • Causes massive destruction of erythrocytes, leading to:
    • Release of hemoglobin into plasma.
    • Hemoglobinuria (hemoglobin in urine).
    • Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes).
  • Caused by:
    • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
    • Lead poisoning.
    • Certain medications.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

  • Common symptom of anemia: Fatigue.
  • Most common type of anemia: Iron deficiency anemia.
  • Characteristic sign of severe anemia: Pallor (pale skin).
  • Assessment finding indicating anemia: Low hemoglobin levels.
  • Best evaluation for diagnosing blood diseases: Complete Blood Count (CBC).

Treatment and Complications

  • Medical management approach: Iron supplements.
  • Possible complication of untreated anemia: Heart problems.
  • Important substance for healthy red blood cells and optimal nerve and brain function: Iron.
  • Finding associated with iron deficiency anemia: Microcytic hypochromic anemia.
  • Most effective oral preparation for treating iron deficiency anemia: Ferrous sulfate.

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Description

Test your knowledge on the nursing management of anemia, including the functions of blood cells, an overview of anemia, and the classification of anemia from a physiological approach. Explore concepts such as hypo proliferative anemia and hemolytic anemia.

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