Neuron Classification and Synapse Types
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Neuron Classification and Synapse Types

Learn about the different types of neurons and synapses, including their structure and classification. This quiz covers multipolar neurons, axodendritic synapses, and more.

Created by
@RichGiant

Questions and Answers

What is the percentage of neurons in the human CNS that interneurons are estimated to include?

99%

What type of neurons have long axons that transmit nerve impulses from the CNS to a muscle or gland?

Motor neurons

What is the characteristic of the axon in sensory neurons?

Unipolar in structure

Which type of neurons are generally multipolar or anaxonic in structure?

<p>Interneurons</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic of mature neurons in terms of cell division?

<p>They have a low capacity for cell division</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of neurons are responsible for establishing relationships among other neurons and forming complex functional networks?

<p>Interneurons</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic feature of Multipolar neurons?

<p>Three or more processes coming off the soma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of neuron has a single process that splits into two branches?

<p>Pseudounipolar neuron</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of synapse occurs between axons and dendrites?

<p>Axodendritic</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the characteristic feature of Anaxonic neurons?

<p>They have many dendrites but no true axon</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of neuron has a single short dendrite terminating in a brush-like tuft?

<p>Unipolar brush cell</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of synapse occurs between dendrites?

<p>Dendrodendritic</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system?

<p>To increase the speed of impulse propagation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is unique about the axon hillock?

<p>It is the site of action potential generation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of dendrites?

<p>To propagate electrochemical stimulation to the cell body</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the initial segment of the axon?

<p>The unmyelinated part of the axon</p> Signup and view all the answers

What organelle is lacking in axons?

<p>Golgi complex</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is outside the myelin sheath?

<p>The neurilemma</p> Signup and view all the answers

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