Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Quiz

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7 Questions

Which of the following is a common sign of neonatal abstinence syndrome?

Excessive crying

What is neonatal abstinence syndrome?

A withdrawal syndrome

How does neonatal abstinence syndrome affect newborns?

It causes decreased sensitivity to pain

Which of the following is NOT a common sign of neonatal abstinence syndrome?

Rapid weight gain

What is the main cause of neonatal abstinence syndrome?

Illicit drug use during pregnancy

How does neonatal abstinence syndrome affect newborns in the long term?

It may cause developmental delays

Match the following sign or symptom to system

Irritability/restlessness Tremors High-pitched cry Hyperreflexia Sleep disturbances Yawning Seizures = Autonomic Nervous System Excessive sweating Mottling Tachypnea Nasal congestion/Sneezing = Central Nervous System Poor feeding Excessive sucking Vomiting/Diarrhea Poor weight gain Dehydration. = Gastrointestinal System

Study Notes

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

  • Neonatal abstinence syndrome is a withdrawal syndrome that occurs in newborns exposed to addictive substances, such as opioids, in the womb.

Common Signs of NAS

  • Tremors or seizures
  • High-pitched crying
  • Irritability
  • Hyperactive reflexes
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Sweating
  • Fever

Uncommon Sign of NAS

  • Lethargy (opposite of hyperactive state)

Cause of NAS

  • Prenatal exposure to addictive substances, such as opioids, transferred from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy.

Long-term Effects of NAS

  • Increased risk of behavioral and learning problems
  • Potential developmental delays
  • Higher risk of ADHD and other mental health disorders

Matching Signs to Systems

  • Respiratory: rapid breathing
  • Nervous: seizures, tremors
  • Gastrointestinal: vomiting, diarrhea
  • Musculoskeletal: hyperactive reflexes
  • Skin: sweating
  • General: fever

Test your knowledge on neonatal abstinence syndrome, a condition that affects newborns exposed to drugs during pregnancy. Learn about common signs and symptoms, the definition of neonatal abstinence syndrome, and its impact on newborns.

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