Natural Disasters in the Philippines

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18 Questions

What is the ranking of the Philippines in the Climate Change Vulnerability Index of 2015?

8th

What percentage of negative economic impacts were absorbed by the agriculture sector between 2010 to 2013?

37%

What is the term that refers to the measure of the frequency of earthquakes in a region?

Seismicity

What is the name of the typhoon that severely damaged the Cagayan Valley Region in 2016?

Typhoon Haima

What is the term for a large ocean area where tropical cyclones frequently occur?

Western Pacific Basin

Why is the Philippines considered a disaster risk epicenter?

All of the above

How many typhoons on average hit the Philippines annually?

25

Which belt is the Philippines part of due to its high risk of typhoons?

Typhoon Belt

How many earthquakes of magnitude 4 or greater have impacted the Philippines since 1907?

20

Which event caused over 150 casualties and a significant number of damaged historical churches in the Philippines?

Earthquake

Which country leads in the number of reported disaster events in 2009?

Philippines

What did the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) Director compare the impact of a particular earthquake to?

32 Hiroshima bombs

Which region was identified as a disaster risk hotspot in 2019?

Oceania

Which country ranked highest for disaster risk in 2019?

Vanuatu

What is the major concern highlighted regarding the Philippines in the text?

High societal vulnerability

Which continent follows Africa in terms of societal vulnerability?

Asia

What problem does the text identify as requiring immediate attention in the Philippines?

Resettlement of vulnerable human communities

Which island nation ranked second in terms of disaster risk in 2019?

Antigua and Barbuda

Study Notes

The Philippines - A Disaster Risk Epicenter

  • The Philippines is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire and the Pacific Typhoon Belt, making it a disaster risk epicenter.
  • The country experiences an average of 20 typhoons annually, with five of them considered destructive.
  • The Philippines is also an exporter of typhoons, with tracks of tropical cyclones in the Western North Pacific from 1948 to 2010.

Earthquakes in the Philippines

  • The Philippine Archipelago has several earthquake generators, resulting in a high level of seismicity.
  • Almost all parts of the country experience earthquakes, with an average of 5 earthquakes per day.
  • The magnitude 7.2 earthquake that hit Central Visayas in 2013 is one of the strongest in history, with an impact equivalent to "32 Hiroshima bombs."

Disaster Risks and Impacts

  • The Philippines ranks 1st in the world in terms of the number of reported disaster events in 2009.
  • The country ranks 5th in terms of the most affected by extreme weather events from 1994-2013.
  • The Philippines is the 8th most vulnerable country to climate change in 2015.
  • The country is the 5th most affected by climate-related disasters between 1996 and 2015.
  • The agriculture sector absorbs 27% of the negative economic impacts caused by natural hazards and disasters.

Geographic Vulnerability

  • The Philippines is an archipelago with a long coastline, making it prone to natural hazards.
  • The country's location in the Pacific Ring of Fire and Western Pacific Basin increases its vulnerability to earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic hazards.
  • The Philippines has a high level of societal vulnerability, ranking among the top 15 countries with the highest disaster risk.

Global Disaster Risk Index

  • The WorldRiskIndex 2019 ranks Vanuatu as the country with the highest disaster risk, followed by Antigua and Barbuda, and Tonga.
  • Africa has the highest societal vulnerability, followed by Asia and America.
  • The Philippines is among the top 15 countries with the highest disaster risk.

Explore the geographical and meteorological factors that make the Philippines a disaster-prone area, particularly in terms of typhoons. Learn about the impact of tropical cyclones and the country's position within the Pacific Ring of Fire.

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