Nasal and Paranasal Sinuses Imaging Quiz
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Nasal and Paranasal Sinuses Imaging Quiz

This quiz covers the functions of the sinonasal cavity, including smell, respiration, and air conditioning, as well as its role in immune response and sound quality. It also touches on radiology and pathology in the context of nasal and paranasal sinuses imaging.

Created by
@FruitfulLandArt

Questions and Answers

What is a common symptom of mucocoeles?

Proptosis

What percentage of osteochondromas demonstrate calcification at the site of tumoral attachment?

10%

What is the purpose of performing a CT scan in a patient with recurrent epistaxis?

To identify the source of bleeding

What is the characteristic appearance of an osteochondroma on MRI?

<p>Cerebriform pattern</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of osteoma?

<p>Slow-growing and often not requiring treatment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of surgery for osteochondromas?

<p>To perform subperiosteal resection at the site of attachment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common presenting feature of inverted papilloma?

<p>Unilateral nasal obstruction due to a middle meatal mass</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an important factor in the prognosis of sinonasal malignancy?

<p>Tumour type and intracranial and orbital involvement</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most common type of sinonasal malignancy?

<p>Squamous cell carcinoma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of multiplanar MR in the evaluation of sinonasal malignancies?

<p>To assess any orbital or dural involvement</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the functions of the sinonasal cavity?

<p>Smell</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an indication for FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery)?

<p>Failed medical treatment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a radiological assessment goal in rhinosinusitis?

<p>Identify the extent of disease in relation to the mucociliary pathways</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a type of rhinosinusitis that may develop into polyposis?

<p>Allergic rhinosinusitis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the importance of reviewing soft-tissue reconstructed images in rhinosinusitis?

<p>To identify fungal disease</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Sinonasal Cavity Functions

  • The sinonasal cavity serves several functions, including smell, respiration, air conditioning, immune response, and sound quality.

Radiology and Pathology

  • Radiology is used to evaluate patients who have failed medical treatment, are considering FESS, or have an acute presentation such as orbital cellulitis or mucocoele.
  • Radiology helps to differentiate tumors from inflammation, assess tumor extent, and exclude non-sinonasal causes of anosmia.

Rhinosinusitis

  • Rhinosinusitis can be classified into allergic, vasomotor, infective, ciliary disorders, and iatrogenic types.
  • Radiological assessment should include identification of anatomical variants, extent of disease, bony thickening or erosion, dental disease, orbital or intracranial extension, and postnasal space.

Nasal Polyposis

  • Antrochoanal polyps are a type of nasal polyposis.

Mucocoeles

  • Mucocoeles can cause frontal swelling or headache, and may extend into the orbit, leading to proptosis.
  • Mucocoeles are usually sterile but can occasionally become infected, leading to osteomyelitis and subperiosteal abscess.

Epistaxis

  • Epistaxis can be a symptom of nasal and paranasal sinus tumors.
  • Recurrent epistaxis may require investigation with CT post-intravenous contrast medium.

Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Tumors

  • Tumors can cause symptoms similar to chronic sinusitis, but early diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion.
  • Early symptoms of malignancy include unilateral facial pain, nasal obstruction, and epistaxis.
  • Late symptoms include epiphora and trismus.
  • Prognostic factors in sinonasal malignancy include tumor type and intracranial and orbital involvement.

Osteoma

  • Osteomas are slow-growing and often do not require treatment, but surgery may be considered if they compromise the drainage pathway or occupy more than 50% of the sinus volume.

Inverted Papilloma

  • Inverted papillomas frequently present as a middle meatal mass causing unilateral nasal obstruction.
  • They have a characteristic lobulated outline on CT and a cerebriform pattern on MRI.
  • Surgery must include subperiosteal resection at the site of attachment to avoid recurrence.

Juvenile Angiofibroma

  • Juvenile angiofibromas are characterized by heavy epistaxis in adolescent boys.
  • They originate at the sphenopalatine foramen and can widen the PPF, extend into the nasal cavity, and erode the adjacent medial pterygoid plate and skull base.

Sinonasal Malignancy

  • The most common types of sinonasal malignancy are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and lymphoma.
  • Multiplanar MR with fat-saturated sequences is the technique of choice for assessing orbital, dural involvement, or perineural extension.
  • Important features to assess include skull base erosion, dural involvement, extension through the dura, and involvement of the orbital periosteum.

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