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Study Notes
When you want to multiply an integer by a fraction, you are essentially applying the concept of multiplying and dividing fractions. This process is essential in mathematics, as it allows us to work with different types of numbers and understand their relationships.
Multiplying Whole Numbers by Fractions
Multiplying a whole number by a fraction involves two main steps:

Flip the fraction so it becomes a fraction equivalent to
\frac{1}{x}
, wherex
is the whole number. 
Multiply the two fractions together.
For example, let's consider multiplying 3 by the fraction \frac{2}{3}
:
3 * \frac{2}{3} = \frac{3}{1} * \frac{2}{3} = \frac{3}{1} * \frac{2}{3} * 1 = 2
In this case, the result of the multiplication is 2, which is simply the numerator of the flipped fraction, as we would expect given the properties of multiplication.
Understanding Fraction Operations
Before delving into multiplying integers and fractions, let's briefly review the basic operations of adding and subtracting fractions. These concepts build upon the familiar process of combining and subtracting numbers:
 Adding Fractions: To add two fractions, ensure they have the same denominator. If they don't, convert each fraction into an equivalent fraction with the same denominator by multiplying both numerator and denominator by the appropriate factor. Then, add the two numerators together and write the sum over the common denominator. For example:
\frac{1}{2} + \frac{2}{3} = \frac{1 * 3 + 2 * 2}{2 * 3} = \frac{3}{6} + \frac{4}{6} = \frac{7}{6}
 Subtracting Fractions: To subtract one fraction from another, follow the opposite process as adding fractions. You may need to change the signs of the numerators or denominators if you're subtracting instead of adding. For instance:
\frac{1}{2}  \frac{2}{3} = \frac{1 * 3  2 * 2}{2 * 3} = \frac{3}{6}  \frac{4}{6} = \frac{1}{6}
These operations are crucial for understanding how multiplying integers and fractions works, as they involve combining numbers of different types.
Multiplying With Fraction Multiplication
Now that we have covered the basics of fraction addition and subtraction, let's revisit the process of multiplying whole numbers by fractions:

Flip one of the fractions so its numerator becomes 1, i.e.,
\frac{1}{x}
or\frac{x}{1}
depending on which whole number is being used. 
Multiply the two fractions together. The result will be a single fraction with the product of the two original numerators over the product of their denominators:
3 * \frac{2}{3} = \frac{3}{1} * \frac{2}{3} = \frac{3}{1} * \frac{2}{3} * 1 = 2
As we can see, this result aligns with our earlier example where multiplying 3 by \frac{2}{3}
resulted in 2.
Practice Problems
Now that you have a better understanding of how to multiply integers by fractions, try solving these practice problems:
 Multiply 4 by
\frac{1}{3}
:
4 * \frac{1}{3} = \frac{4}{1} * \frac{1}{3} = \frac{4}{3}
 Multiply 6 by
\frac{2}{5}
:
6 * \frac{2}{5} = \frac{6}{1} * \frac{2}{5} = \frac{12}{5}
By following these steps and practicing problemsolving, you can develop a strong foundation in multiplying integers and fractions successfully.
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Description
Learn how to multiply whole numbers by fractions through flipping fractions and multiplying them together. Understand the process step by step and practice with example problems. Explore the basics of fraction operations like addition and subtraction for a comprehensive understanding.