Moral Agent and Moral Principles Quiz
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Moral Agent and Moral Principles Quiz

Test your knowledge on moral principles, including the concepts of overridingness, publicity, practicability, and what it means to be a moral agent who can make judgments based on right and wrong actions.

Created by
@IndustriousJupiter

Questions and Answers

What is the purpose of regulations?

To control behavior and activities

What is the definition of a taboo?

A practice or association that is prohibited

Which of the following best describes customs?

Cultural ideas that dictate behavior

What is the main purpose of moral rules?

<p>To guide daily living and moral judgment</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term describes the action-guiding nature of morality?

<p>Prescriptivity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What must moral principles adhere to according to the text?

<p>Apply universally to relevantly similar people</p> Signup and view all the answers

What distinguishes man from animals in terms of moral agency?

<p>Possession of intellect</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is virtue a perfection of?

<p>A good habit</p> Signup and view all the answers

How are moral standards different from non-moral standards?

<p>Moral standards are focused on ethical considerations, while non-moral standards are unrelated to moral or ethical considerations.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What term describes a situation in which an individual faces moral reasons to take two conflicting actions?

<p>Moral dilemma</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does Kant define freedom in relation to morality?

<p>Freedom is achieved through moral acts.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of freedom in morality according to the text?

<p>Freedom allows individuals the capacity to choose between good and evil.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does Aristotle link moral responsibility and human actions?

<p>He believes man is responsible for his actions as he understands their consequences.</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Virtue' is described as:

<p><strong>A perfection of a good habit</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

'Moral dilemmas' are situations in which:

<p><strong>Individuals face conflicting moral reasons for two actions</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

'Freedom and morality' are linked in that:

<p><strong>Freedom allows individuals the capacity to choose between good and evil</strong></p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Moral Principles

  • Moral principles have predominant authority and override other kinds of principles
  • Moral principles must be made public in order to guide our actions
  • Moral principles must be workable and its rules must not lay a heavy burden on us when we follow them

Moral Agent

  • A moral agent is an individual who is able to make moral judgments based on some notion of right and wrong actions and to be held accountable for these actions
  • Man is rational, possessing the faculty of intellection (knowledge) and volition (will)
  • Man is capable of making choices, judgment, and decisions, and is free and responsible

Rules of Ethics

  • Rules of ethics are a set of rules that describe acceptable conduct in society
  • Examples of rules of ethics:
    • Make direct eye contact with the person you are speaking with
    • Do not pick your nose in public and if you must burp or fart say “excuse me”
    • Flush the toilet after use and always wash your hands when finished
    • Say “please” when asking for something and say “thank you” when someone does something for you
    • Dress appropriately for the environment you are in
    • Don’t interrupt someone while they are talking

Types of Rules

  • Social Rules (NORMS): most commonly defined as rules or expectations that are socially enforced
  • Laws: the discipline and profession concerned with the customs, practices, and rules of conduct of a community that are recognized as binding by the community
  • Regulations: rules made by a government or other authority in order to control the way something is done or the way people behave
  • Taboos: a social or religious custom prohibiting or forbidding discussion of a particular practice or forbidding association with a particular person, place, or thing
  • Customs: a cultural idea that describes a regular, patterned behavior that is characteristic of life in a social group

Importance of Rules

  • The importance of rules serves as a guide to moral daily living and helps one judge whether a certain behavior can be justified
  • The importance of rules serves to maintain civil behavior, be organized, and maintain harmony in the community

Morality

  • Morality is concerned with the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior
  • 5 Key features of morality:
    • Prescriptivity
    • Universalizability
    • Over ridingness
    • Publicity
    • Practicability

Moral Agent

  • A moral agent is an individual who is able to make moral judgments based on some notion of right and wrong actions and to be held accountable for these actions
  • Man is rational, possessing the faculty of intellection (knowledge) and volition (will)
  • Man is capable of making moral choices, judgment, and decisions, and is free and responsible

Ethics

  • Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct
  • Ethics is the rational study of the meaning and justification of moral claims
  • Types of ethics:
    • Meta-ethics: examines the nature of moral claims and arguments
    • Normative ethics: examines moral standards that attempt to define right and wrong conduct
    • Applied ethics: examines specific moral issues

Why Study Ethics?

  • It can provide a moral map
  • It can pinpoint a disagreement
  • Can give several answers
  • It doesn’t give right answers but it is only a moral compass

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